High-altitude Tibetans undergo a pattern of adaptations to chronic hypoxia characterized, among others, by a more efficient aerobic performance compared with acclimatized lowlanders. To test whether such changes may persist upon descent to moderate altitude, oxygen uptake of 17 male Tibetan natives lifelong residents at 3500-4500 m was assessed within 1 month upon migration to 1300 m. Exercise protocols were: 5 min treadmill walking at 6 km h-1 on increasing inclines from +5 to +15% and 5 min running at 10 km h-1 on a +5% grade. The data (mean (plus or minus) S.E.M.) were compared with those obtained on Nepali lowlanders. When walking on +10, +12.5 and +15% inclines, net VO2 of Tibetans was 25.2 (plus or minus) 0.7, 29.1 (plus or minus) 1.1 and 31.3 (plus or minus) 0.9 ml kg-1 min-1, respectively, i.e. 8, 10 and 13% less (P < 0.05) than that of Nepali. At the end of the heaviest load, blood lactate concentration was lower in Tibetans than in Nepali (6.0 (plus or minus) 0.9 versus 8.9 (plus or minus) 0.6 mM; P < 0.05). During running, VO2 of Tibetans was 35.1 (plus or minus) 0.8 versus 39.3 (plus or minus) 0.7 ml kg-1 min-1 (i.e. 11% less; P < 0.01). In conclusion, during submaximal walking and running at 1300 m, Tibetans are still characterized by lower aerobic energy expenditure than control subjects that is not accounted for by differences in mechanical power output and/or compensated for by anaerobic glycolysis. These findings indicate that chronic hypoxia induces metabolic adaptations whose underlying mechanisms still need to be elucidated, that persist for at least 1 month upon descent to moderate altitude.
|Titolo:||Economy of locomotion in high-altitude Tibetan migrants exposed to normoxia|
|Parole Chiave:||China ; Nepal ; adult ; aerobic metabolism ; altitude acclimatization ; altitude ; anaerobic metabolism ; article ; controlled study ; data analysis ; energy expenditure ; environmental exposure ; glycolysis ; human experiment ; human ; hypoxia ; lactate blood level ; loading test ; locomotion ; male ; migration ; native species ; oxygen consumption ; priority journal ; running ; statistical analysis ; treadmill exercise ; walking ; lactic acid ; oxygen|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-dic-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1113/jphysiol.2005.094979|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|