We report extensive density functional theory studies of the structures and vibrational frequencies of Tp(3,5-Me)RhH(2)(H-2) in its ground and various transition states as well as the first direct comparison of observed and calculated inelastic neutron scattering (INS) vibrational spectra on this type of compound. Geometry optimizations produced canted eta(2)-dihydrogen dihydride local minima of C, symmetry, with HH distances for the C-1 minimum energy structure of 0.842 and 0.898 A and barriers to rotation of 0.34 and 0.50 kcal mol (1), respectively for B3LYP/BS1 and BP86/BS1 calculations of Tp(3.5-Me)RhH(2)(H-2). The latter results from one transition state rotated approximately 60degrees away (a second lower energy transition state which is a few hundreds of a kcal mol (- 1) above the C-1 MIN is rotated approximately 30degrees away). With these calculated d(HH) values for the C-1 MIN the previously reported experimental data on the rotation of the dihydrogen ligand yields an experimental barrier to rotation of similar to 1 kcal mol (- 1) and places the torsional transition at 200 cm (- 1) in the INS spectrum. Optimization of the Rh structure, that is analogous to the related Ir(V) C, minimum found for TpIrH(4), generates a high-energy ( > 4 cal mol (- 1)) C-s transition state TpRh(III)H(4) structure with an eta(3)-H-3, ligand. This transition state (C-s TSE) exchanges the hydrogen in the mirror plane between two chiral C-1 MIN structures. Comparisons between observed and computed INS spectra suggests that the experimental INS spectrum be viewed as resulting from a quantum-averaged ground state encompassing at least two of the low energy structures found in our calculations.
|Titolo:||The vibrational spectrum of Tp(3,5-Me)RhH(2)(H-2) : a computational and inelastic neutron scattering study|
ALBINATI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||DFT, Hydrogen dynamics, inelastic neutron scattering, spectroscopy; vibrational spectrum; density functional theory studies; inelastic neutron scattering study; dihydrogen complex of Rh; pyrazolyl ligand|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0020-1693(01)00827-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|