BACKGROUND: Knowledge on anaemia management in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) patients regularly followed in renal clinics is scarce although being essential to identifying areas of therapeutic improvement. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated anaemia management in two visits, performed 6 months apart, in 755 prevalent ND-CKD stage 3b-5 patients followed in 19 nephrology clinics from ≥6 months. Anaemia was defined as severe (Hb <11 g/dL) or mild (Hb: 11-13.5 in males and 11-12 g/dL in females); iron deficiency (ID) was defined as transferrin saturation (TSAT) <20% and/or ferritin <100 ng/mL. Primary endpoint was the change of anaemia and ID prevalence between baseline and 6-month visit. Secondary endpoint was the prevalence of clinical inertia to either ESA or iron supplementation, that is, the lack of ESA or iron prescription despite Hb <11 g/dL or ID. RESULTS: Age was 69 ± 13 years and GFR 27.5 ± 10.0 mL/min/1.73 m(2); male gender, diabetes and prior cardiovascular disease were 57.2, 30.1 and 30.1%, respectively. Prevalence of severe and mild anaemia was 18.0 and 44.0% at baseline and remained unchanged at Month 6 (19.3 and 43.2%). ID was prevalent at both visits (60.1 and 60.9%). Clinical inertia to ESA was similar at baseline and at Month 6 (39.6 and 34.2%, respectively, P = 0.487) and it was less frequent than clinical inertia to iron therapy (75.7 and 72.0%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that anaemia prevalence is unexpectedly high in the setting of tertiary nephrology care. This was due to a persistent clinical inertia in the anaemia management, remarkable for iron supplementation and less critical, but still significant, for ESA treatment.

Anaemia management in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients : a multicentre prospective study in renal clinics / R. Minutolo, F. Locatelli, M. Gallieni, R. Bonofiglio, G. Fuiano, L. Oldrizzi, G. Conte, L. De Nicola, F. Mangione, P. Esposito, A. Dal Canton. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1460-2385. - 28:12(2013 Dec), pp. 3035-3045. [10.1093/ndt/gft338]

Anaemia management in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients : a multicentre prospective study in renal clinics

M. Gallieni;
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Knowledge on anaemia management in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) patients regularly followed in renal clinics is scarce although being essential to identifying areas of therapeutic improvement. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated anaemia management in two visits, performed 6 months apart, in 755 prevalent ND-CKD stage 3b-5 patients followed in 19 nephrology clinics from ≥6 months. Anaemia was defined as severe (Hb <11 g/dL) or mild (Hb: 11-13.5 in males and 11-12 g/dL in females); iron deficiency (ID) was defined as transferrin saturation (TSAT) <20% and/or ferritin <100 ng/mL. Primary endpoint was the change of anaemia and ID prevalence between baseline and 6-month visit. Secondary endpoint was the prevalence of clinical inertia to either ESA or iron supplementation, that is, the lack of ESA or iron prescription despite Hb <11 g/dL or ID. RESULTS: Age was 69 ± 13 years and GFR 27.5 ± 10.0 mL/min/1.73 m(2); male gender, diabetes and prior cardiovascular disease were 57.2, 30.1 and 30.1%, respectively. Prevalence of severe and mild anaemia was 18.0 and 44.0% at baseline and remained unchanged at Month 6 (19.3 and 43.2%). ID was prevalent at both visits (60.1 and 60.9%). Clinical inertia to ESA was similar at baseline and at Month 6 (39.6 and 34.2%, respectively, P = 0.487) and it was less frequent than clinical inertia to iron therapy (75.7 and 72.0%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that anaemia prevalence is unexpectedly high in the setting of tertiary nephrology care. This was due to a persistent clinical inertia in the anaemia management, remarkable for iron supplementation and less critical, but still significant, for ESA treatment.
ESA; anaemia; chronic kidney disease; iron deficiency; iron therapy; Aged; Anemia; Dietary Supplements; Erythropoietin; Female; Ferritins; Hemoglobins; Humans; Iron; Italy; Male; Prevalence; Prospective Studies; Renal Dialysis; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/252152
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