Objective: It is unknown what next-step strategies are being used in clinical practice for patients with obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) who do not respond to first-line treatment. As part of a cross-sectional study of OCD, treatment and symptom information was collected. Method: Consecutive OCD out-patients in nine international centers were evaluated by self-report measures and clinical/structured interviews. OCD symptom severity was evaluated by the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) and Clinical Global ImpressionSeverity Scale (CGI-S). Clinical response to current treatment was evaluated by the CGI-Improvement Scale (CGI-I ≤ 2). Results: In total, 361 participants reported taking medication; 77.6% were taking a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; 50% reported use of at least one augmentation strategy. Antipsychotics were most often prescribed as augmenters (30.3%), followed by benzodiazepines (24.9%) and antidepressants (21.9%). No differences in OCD symptom severity were found between patients taking different classes of augmentation agents. Conclusions: Results from this international cross-sectional study indicate that current OCD treatment is in line with evidence-based treatment guidelines. Although augmentation strategies are widely used, no significant differences in OCD symptom severity were found between monotherapy and augmentation or between different therapeutic agents.

Pharmacological treatment strategies in obsessive compulsive disorder : a cross-sectional view in nine international OCD centers / M. Van Ameringen, W. Simpson, B. Patterson, B. Dell'Osso, N. Fineberg, E. Hollander, L. Hranov, G. Hranov, C. Lochner, O. Karamustafalioglu, D. Marazziti, J.M. Menchon, H. Nicolini, S. Pallanti, D.J. Stein, J. Zohar. - In: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0269-8811. - 28:6(2014), pp. 596-602. [10.1177/0269881113517955]

Pharmacological treatment strategies in obsessive compulsive disorder : a cross-sectional view in nine international OCD centers

B. Dell'Osso;
2014

Abstract

Objective: It is unknown what next-step strategies are being used in clinical practice for patients with obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) who do not respond to first-line treatment. As part of a cross-sectional study of OCD, treatment and symptom information was collected. Method: Consecutive OCD out-patients in nine international centers were evaluated by self-report measures and clinical/structured interviews. OCD symptom severity was evaluated by the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) and Clinical Global ImpressionSeverity Scale (CGI-S). Clinical response to current treatment was evaluated by the CGI-Improvement Scale (CGI-I ≤ 2). Results: In total, 361 participants reported taking medication; 77.6% were taking a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; 50% reported use of at least one augmentation strategy. Antipsychotics were most often prescribed as augmenters (30.3%), followed by benzodiazepines (24.9%) and antidepressants (21.9%). No differences in OCD symptom severity were found between patients taking different classes of augmentation agents. Conclusions: Results from this international cross-sectional study indicate that current OCD treatment is in line with evidence-based treatment guidelines. Although augmentation strategies are widely used, no significant differences in OCD symptom severity were found between monotherapy and augmentation or between different therapeutic agents.
augmentation; effectiveness; international; medication; Obsessive-compulsive disorder; treatment
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/250905
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