Measurements were taken from 18 patients operated on for cleft lip and palate, aged 19 to 27 years, and 162 control subjects matched for sex, age, and ethnic group. Nine soft-tissue landmarks on the lips were digitized by a three-dimensional electromagnetic instrument. From the landmarks, several linear distances (mouth width, philtrum width, vermilion height of upper and lower lip, total vermilion height, total lip height), the interlabial angle, and some areas (vermilion of upper lip, vermilion of lower lip, total vermilion) and volumes (upper lip volume, lower lip volume, total lip volume) were calculated. Patient and reference data were compared by t tests and Watson-Williams tests. In the men, significant differences (p < 0.05) were found in width of the philtrum, height and area of the vermilion part of the upper lip, and total vermilion height and area (all larger in male patients than in controls). In the women, significant differences were found in the height and area of the vermilion part of the upper lip (larger in female patients than in controls), and in the height and area of the vermilion part of the lower lip (smaller in patients than in controls). In both sexes, the interlabial angle was smaller than in the reference population. In conclusion, the upper lip of adult patients operated on for cleft lip and palate differed from that of healthy controls of the same age, sex, and ethnic group. Surgical correction of cleft lip and palate failed to provide a completely normal appearance. The analysis pointed out those parts of the lips and mouth (in particular, the vermilion part of the upper lip) that differed the most from the norm. The method may be used to indicate to the surgeon and patient where additional procedures might be performed to approximate the morphologic characteristics of a reference population.
|Titolo:||Three-dimensional lip morphometry in adults operated on for cleft lip and palate|
FERRARIO, VIRGILIO FERRUCCIO (Primo)
SFORZA, CHIARELLA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/01.PRS.0000060107.43208.21|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|