OBJECTIVE: Psychotic depressed patients were found to have more severe cognitive deficits, poorer treatment response and higher suicidal risk respect to non-psychotic depressives. Aim of the present research was to compare clinical variables and outcome between psychotic and non-psychotic major depressive patients. METHOD: A sample of 36 major depressed patients was divided into two groups according to the presence of psychotic symptoms. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) were administered to the patients at baseline by trained raters. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVAs) and chi-square tests were performed to compare the two groups. Binary logistic regression was performed to assess the risk of lack of response/remission in patients with psychotic symptoms and the risk of developing psychotic symptoms in major depressives with a family history of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. RESULTS: Psychotic major depressives presented more severe illness as showed by HAM-D baseline scores (F=17.20, p<0.001), a longer duration of hospitalization (F=7.64, p=0.009) and they were more frequently treated with clomipramine (χ(2)=16.22, p=0.027). Psychotic symptoms were predictive of lack of remission (OR=4.09, p=0.05) and family history of schizophrenia/psychotic bipolar disorder was associated with psychotic major depression (OR=10.81, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with psychotic symptoms present a more severe course of illness as showed by long hospitalizations and lower rates of remission. Psychotic depressives show more frequently a family history of "major psychoses" suggesting a continuum in psychotic disorders and a genetic association of major psychotic depression with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Psychotic versus non-psychotic major depressive disorder : a comparative naturalistic study / M. Buoli, A. Caldiroli, A. Altamura. - In: ASIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1876-2018. - 6:4(2013 Aug), pp. 333-337. [10.1016/j.ajp.2013.02.003]

Psychotic versus non-psychotic major depressive disorder : a comparative naturalistic study

M. Buoli
Primo
;
A. Caldiroli
Secondo
;
A. Altamura
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Psychotic depressed patients were found to have more severe cognitive deficits, poorer treatment response and higher suicidal risk respect to non-psychotic depressives. Aim of the present research was to compare clinical variables and outcome between psychotic and non-psychotic major depressive patients. METHOD: A sample of 36 major depressed patients was divided into two groups according to the presence of psychotic symptoms. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) were administered to the patients at baseline by trained raters. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVAs) and chi-square tests were performed to compare the two groups. Binary logistic regression was performed to assess the risk of lack of response/remission in patients with psychotic symptoms and the risk of developing psychotic symptoms in major depressives with a family history of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. RESULTS: Psychotic major depressives presented more severe illness as showed by HAM-D baseline scores (F=17.20, p<0.001), a longer duration of hospitalization (F=7.64, p=0.009) and they were more frequently treated with clomipramine (χ(2)=16.22, p=0.027). Psychotic symptoms were predictive of lack of remission (OR=4.09, p=0.05) and family history of schizophrenia/psychotic bipolar disorder was associated with psychotic major depression (OR=10.81, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with psychotic symptoms present a more severe course of illness as showed by long hospitalizations and lower rates of remission. Psychotic depressives show more frequently a family history of "major psychoses" suggesting a continuum in psychotic disorders and a genetic association of major psychotic depression with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
Family history; Major psychotic depression; Remission
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/250535
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