In tropical environments, lactation curves with lower peaks and higher persistency (PS) might be desirable from both an economical and a physiological point of view. The objective of this study was to obtain genetic parameters for test day (TD) yields, and PS for the tropical breed Carora and to compare these with results from a standard 305-d-milk yield animal model. Four random regression models (RRM) were used on a dataset composed of 95,606 TD records collected in Venezuela and tested to find the best fitting the data. Estimated daily heritabilities for milk yields ranged from 0.21 to 0.30, with the lowest values around the peak of lactation. Lactation repeatabilities ranged from 0.50 to 0.56. Correlations between the breeding values obtained with the RRM and the lactation model currently used in Venezuela [single trait Animal Model (stAM)] are quite high and positive (Pearson correlation=0.71 and Spearman correlation=0.72). Correlations between PS and 305-d-milk yield estimated breeding values (EBV) ranged from -0.18 (PS as the deviation of daily productions in the interval 50-279 days in milk from a point at the end of lactation) to 0.52 (PS as EBV difference between the second and the first stage of lactation). The use of PS indexes accounting for milk yield may allow the selection of individuals able to express their potential genetic values in tropical environment, without incurring in excessive heat stress losses.

Genetic parameters for milk yield and persistency in Carora dairy cattle breed using random regression model / E. Tullo, S. Biffani, C. Maltecca, R. Rizzi. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1828-051X. - 13:4(2014 Dec), pp. 3484.825-3484.829.

Genetic parameters for milk yield and persistency in Carora dairy cattle breed using random regression model

E. Tullo
Primo
;
R. Rizzi
Ultimo
2014

Abstract

In tropical environments, lactation curves with lower peaks and higher persistency (PS) might be desirable from both an economical and a physiological point of view. The objective of this study was to obtain genetic parameters for test day (TD) yields, and PS for the tropical breed Carora and to compare these with results from a standard 305-d-milk yield animal model. Four random regression models (RRM) were used on a dataset composed of 95,606 TD records collected in Venezuela and tested to find the best fitting the data. Estimated daily heritabilities for milk yields ranged from 0.21 to 0.30, with the lowest values around the peak of lactation. Lactation repeatabilities ranged from 0.50 to 0.56. Correlations between the breeding values obtained with the RRM and the lactation model currently used in Venezuela [single trait Animal Model (stAM)] are quite high and positive (Pearson correlation=0.71 and Spearman correlation=0.72). Correlations between PS and 305-d-milk yield estimated breeding values (EBV) ranged from -0.18 (PS as the deviation of daily productions in the interval 50-279 days in milk from a point at the end of lactation) to 0.52 (PS as EBV difference between the second and the first stage of lactation). The use of PS indexes accounting for milk yield may allow the selection of individuals able to express their potential genetic values in tropical environment, without incurring in excessive heat stress losses.
Carora breed; dairy cattle; persistency; random regression models; Tropics
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/249541
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