1alpha,25-dihydroxy vitamin D-3[1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3], the hormonal form of vitamin D-3 that is essential for the maintenance of calcium-phosphorus homeostasis in birds and mammals, has been found in several plants. In order to study the metabolic role of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 in plant cells, we monitored the changes of cellular levels of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 in cell suspension cultures of Solanum malacoxylon Sendt. under different experimental conditions. We also measured the levels of cholesterol, the assumed precursor of vitamin D-3, and other end-product sterols such as beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol. It was found that when cells are incubated in a calcium-deprived medium, the level of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 increases markedly within a few hours. Treatment with methyl jasmonate (MeJ), a linolenic acid-derived compound that accumulates during wounding stress, was found to reduce the cellular level of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 and to promote its secretion into the culture medium. After treatment with cellulysin, a cellulase of fungal origin, the metabolite was no longer detectable, either in the medium or in the cells. Calcium deprivation in the medium and treatment with the elicitors MeJ and cellulase lowered the cellular level of all the sterols tested. The possible role of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 is discussed in light of these results.
|Titolo:||Effects of elicitors and Ca2+ deprivation on the levels of sterols and 1alpha,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 in cell cultures of Solanum malacoxylon|
|Autori interni:||BURLINI, NEDDA|
|Parole Chiave:||1α,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3; Calcinogenic; Metabolism; Solanum malacoxylon; Sterol|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|