CD91 is a scavenger receptor expressed by different immune cells and its ligands defensins have been demonstrated to contribute to immune responses against infections and tumors. We previously demonstrated that CD91 is expressed on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) and that human defensins stimulate in vitro the activation of these cells. In this study, we observed that CD91 is expressed at different levels on two distinct moDC subsets: CD91dim and CD91bright moDCs. Although CD91bright moDCs represented a small proportion of total moDCs, this subset showed higher levels of activation and maturation markers compared to CD91dim moDCs. The frequency of CD91bright moDCs increased by ~50% after in vitro stimulation with recombinant Human Neutrophil Peptide-1 (rHNP-1) and recombinant Human Beta Defensin-1 (rHBD-1), while lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation decreased it by ~35%. Both defensins up-regulated moDC expression of CD80, CD40, CD83 and HLA-DR, although to a lower extent compared with LPS. Notably, upon culture with rHNP-1 and rHBD-1, CD91bright moDCs maintained their higher activation/maturation status, while this was lost upon culture with LPS. Our findings suggest that defensins promote the differentiation into activated CD91bright DCs and may encourage the exploitation of the CD91/defensins axis as a novel therapeutic strategy to potentiate antimicrobial and antitumor immune response.
Bright expression of CD91 identifies highly activated human dendritic cells that can be expanded by defensins / M. Cappelletti, P. Presicce, F. Calcaterra, D. Mavilio, S. Della Bella. - In: IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0019-2805. - 144:4(2015), pp. 661-667.
|Titolo:||Bright expression of CD91 identifies highly activated human dendritic cells that can be expanded by defensins|
CAPPELLETTI, MONICA (Primo)
PRESICCE, PIETRO ANTONIO (Secondo)
MAVILIO, DOMENICO (Corresponding)
DELLA BELLA, SILVIA ANGELA MARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||CD91; defensins; human beta defensin-1; human neutrophil peptide-1; dendritic cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imm.12418|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|