Purpose This article presents a review of the literature and proposes a protocol for managing acute and chronic midfacial cocaine-induced injuries. Materials and Methods This report describes a series of 4 patients affected by cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions. Three patients came to the authors' attention after 18 months of drug withdrawal and underwent surgical treatments to restore nasal and palatal morphology and function, and the fourth patient was referred because of acute cocaine-induced destructive lesions and was treated by aggressive debridement. An 18-month drug-free period is planned before beginning any reconstructive procedures in this latter patient. Results Long-term follow-up showed stable results without relapse of palatal fistulas and good esthetic nasal appearance in all 3 patients undergoing reconstruction. The fourth patient did not show any disease progression and will be monitored for drug withdrawal. Conclusion Chronic cocaine consumption may cause multiple types of damage to the soft and hard tissues of the midface. Acute lesions must be addressed with aggressive debridement. As a result of chronic injury, the palate and nose are deformed in a very complex way and the vascularity of the remaining local tissues may be compromised or inadequate for flap harvesting. Palatal and nasal reconstructions are very delicate operations and should be addressed separately to maximize the predictability of the result.

Comprehensive surgical management of cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions / G. Colletti, L. Autelitano, M. Chiapasco, F. Biglioli, F. Giovanditto, M. Mandalà, F. Allevi. - In: JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 0278-2391. - 72:7(2014), pp. 1395.1-1395.10. [10.1016/j.joms.2014.03.013]

Comprehensive surgical management of cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions

G. Colletti
;
M. Chiapasco;F. Biglioli;F. Allevi
Ultimo
2014

Abstract

Purpose This article presents a review of the literature and proposes a protocol for managing acute and chronic midfacial cocaine-induced injuries. Materials and Methods This report describes a series of 4 patients affected by cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions. Three patients came to the authors' attention after 18 months of drug withdrawal and underwent surgical treatments to restore nasal and palatal morphology and function, and the fourth patient was referred because of acute cocaine-induced destructive lesions and was treated by aggressive debridement. An 18-month drug-free period is planned before beginning any reconstructive procedures in this latter patient. Results Long-term follow-up showed stable results without relapse of palatal fistulas and good esthetic nasal appearance in all 3 patients undergoing reconstruction. The fourth patient did not show any disease progression and will be monitored for drug withdrawal. Conclusion Chronic cocaine consumption may cause multiple types of damage to the soft and hard tissues of the midface. Acute lesions must be addressed with aggressive debridement. As a result of chronic injury, the palate and nose are deformed in a very complex way and the vascularity of the remaining local tissues may be compromised or inadequate for flap harvesting. Palatal and nasal reconstructions are very delicate operations and should be addressed separately to maximize the predictability of the result.
Adult; Cocaine-Related Disorders; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Nasal Cavity; Nose Diseases; Palate, Hard; Reconstructive Surgical Procedures; Oral Surgery; Otorhinolaryngology2734 Pathology and Forensic Medicine; Surgery
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/247484
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