One of the main causes of poisoning of small animals is exposure to drugs intended for human use. Poisoning may result from misuse by pet owners, off-label use of medicines or, more frequently, accidental ingestion of drugs that are improperly stored. This review focuses on classes of drugs intended for human use that are most commonly involved in the poisoning of small animals and provides an overview of poisoning episodes reported in the literature. To perform this review a comprehensive search of public databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar) using key search terms was conducted. Additionally, relevant textbooks and reference lists of articles pertaining to the topic were reviewed to locate additional related articles. Most published information on small animal poisoning by drugs intended for human use was from animal and human poison control centres or from single case reports. The dog was the species most frequently poisoned. The major drugs involved included analgesics (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), antihistamines (H1-antihistamines), cardiovascular drugs (calcium channel blockers), central nervous system drugs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, baclofen, benzodiazepines and zolpidem), gastrointestinal drugs (loperamide), nutritional supplements (vitamin D and iron salts) and respiratory drugs (β2-adrenergic receptor agonists).
Poisoning of dogs and cats by drugs intended for human use / C. Cortinovis, F. Pizzo, F. Caloni. - In: THE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 1090-0233. - 203:1(2015), pp. 52-58.
|Titolo:||Poisoning of dogs and cats by drugs intended for human use|
CORTINOVIS, CRISTINA (Primo)
PIZZO, FABIOLA (Secondo)
CALONI, FRANCESCA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Canine; Drugs intended for human use; Feline; Poisoning|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.11.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|