The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic parameters and to predict experimental breeding values (EBVs) for saturated (SFA), unsaturated (UFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids, the ratio of fatty acids, and the productive traits in Italian Brown Swiss (BSW) and Holstein Friesian (HOL) cattle. Test-day yields from 235,658 HOL and 21,723 BSW cows were extracted from the Italian HOL and BSW Associations databases from November 2009 to October 2012 out of 3310 herds. The milk samples collected within the routine milk recording scheme were processed with the Milkoscan™ FT 6500 Plus (Foss, Hillerød, Denmark) for the identification of SFA, UFA, MUFA and PUFA composition in milk. Genetic parameters for fatty acids and productive traits were estimated on 1,765,552 records in HOL and 255,592 records in BSW. Heritability values estimated for SFA, UFA, MUFA and PUFA ranged from 0.06 to 0.18 for the BSW breed and from 0.10 to 0.29 for HOL. The genetic trends for the fatty acids were consistent between traits and breeds. Pearson's and Spearman's correlations among EBVs for SFA, UFA, MUFA and PUFA and official EBVs for fat percentage were in the range 0.32 to 0.54 for BSW and 0.44 to 0.64 for HOL. The prediction of specific EBVs for milk fatty acids and for the ratio among them may be useful to identify the best bulls to be selected with the aim to improve milk quality in terms of fat content and fatty acid ratios, achieving healthier dairy productions for consumers.
Genetic parameters of fatty acids in Italian Brown Swiss and Holstein cows / E. Tullo, E. Frigo, A. Rossoni, R. Finocchiaro, M. Serra, N. Rizzi, A.B. Samorè, F. Canavesi, M.G. Strillacci, R.T.M.M. Prinsen, A. Bagnato. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1594-4077. - 13:3(2014 Jul 21), pp. 3208.398-3208.403.
|Titolo:||Genetic parameters of fatty acids in Italian Brown Swiss and Holstein cows|
TULLO, EMANUELA (Primo)
FRIGO, ERIKA (Secondo)
PRINSEN, RAPHAELLE TERESA MATILDE MARIA (Penultimo)
BAGNATO, ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Fatty acids; Genetic parameters; Italian Brown Swiss; Italian Holstein Friesian; Milk quality|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico|
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-lug-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2014.3208|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|