Previous studies indicated that peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients (Pt-PBL) with lymph node metastatic melanomas proliferated in vitro and developed into tumor-restricted cytotoxic lymphocytes in response to alloantigens or interleukin 2 (IL-2). However, Pt-PBL were not stimulated by irradiated autologous metastatic melanoma (Auto-Me) cells. In the present study we report that the lack of stimulatory activity of Auto-Me cells may be due to a suppressive effect exerted by Auto-Me cells on the responder lymphocytes. In fact, we found that in 62% of cases examined, the addition of 5-10% Auto-Me cells to Pt-PBL cultures strongly inhibited both proliferation and the generation of tumor cytotoxic lymphocytes induced by alloantigens or IL-2. The inhibition was dose-dependent and tumor-restricted, and was not due either to toxicity, medium depletion or IL-2 absorption by Auto-Me cells. Normal fibroblasts, K562 cells and autologous E-lymphocytes were not suppressive. Auto-Me cells were able to inhibit Pt-PBL responses only when added during the first 24 h of culture and not later. Phenotypic analysis of Auto-Me cells using monoclonal antibodies directed against HLA-A,B,C, HLA-DR and melanoma-associated antigens revealed that the expression of high levels of DR antigens on Auto-Me cells was associated with an elevated suppressive activity. Conversely, Auto-Me cells with low or undetectable levels of DR antigens were not inhibitory. Furthermore, the increased expression of DR antigens on Auto-Me cells obtained by in vitro treatment with human interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) also resulted in an increased suppressive activity. We conclude that HLA-DR+ metastatic melanoma cells can interfere with the generation of an anti-tumor immune response, thus potentially favoring the escape of the tumor from the host's control mechanism.
|Titolo:||The inhibition of lymphocyte stimulation by autologous human metastatic melanoma cells correlates with the expression of HLA-DR antigens on the tumor cells|
TARAMELLI, DONATELLA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||HLA-DR antigens; histocompatibility antigens class II; humans; interleukin-2; kinetics; lymphatic metastasis; melanoma; lymphocyte activation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-dic-1984|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ijc.2910340610|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|