Zinc (Zn2+) is believed to play a relevant role in the physiology and pathophysiology of the brain. Hence, Zn2+ homeostasis is critical and involves different classes of molecules, including Zn2+ transporters. The ubiquitous Zn2+ transporter-1 (ZNT-1) is a transmembrane protein that pumps cytosolic Zn2+ to the extracellular space, but its function in the central nervous system is not fully understood. Here, we show that ZNT-1 interacts with GluN2A-containing NMDA receptors, suggesting a role for this transporter at the excitatory glutamatergic synapse. First, we found that ZNT-1 is highly expressed at the hippocampal postsynaptic density (PSD) where NMDA receptors are enriched. Two-hybrid screening, coimmunoprecipitation experiments and clustering assay in COS-7 cells demonstrated that ZNT-1 specifically binds the GluN2A subunit of the NMDA receptor. GluN2A deletion mutants and pull-down assays indicated GluN2A(1390-1464) domain as necessary for the binding to ZNT-1. Most importantly, ZNT-1/GluN2A complex was proved to be dynamic, since it was regulated by induction of synaptic plasticity. Finally, modulation of ZNT-1 expression in hippocampal neurons determined a significant change in dendritic spine morphology, PSD-95 clusters and GluN2A surface levels, supporting the involvement of ZNT-1 in the dynamics of excitatory PSD.

Zinc transporter-1: a novel NMDA receptor-binding protein at the postsynaptic density / M. Mellone, S. Pelucchi, L. Alberti, A. Genazzani, M. Di Luca, F. Gardoni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 132:2(2015), pp. 159-168. [10.1111/jnc.12968]

Zinc transporter-1: a novel NMDA receptor-binding protein at the postsynaptic density

M. Mellone
Primo
;
S. Pelucchi
Secondo
;
M. Di Luca;F. Gardoni
2015

Abstract

Zinc (Zn2+) is believed to play a relevant role in the physiology and pathophysiology of the brain. Hence, Zn2+ homeostasis is critical and involves different classes of molecules, including Zn2+ transporters. The ubiquitous Zn2+ transporter-1 (ZNT-1) is a transmembrane protein that pumps cytosolic Zn2+ to the extracellular space, but its function in the central nervous system is not fully understood. Here, we show that ZNT-1 interacts with GluN2A-containing NMDA receptors, suggesting a role for this transporter at the excitatory glutamatergic synapse. First, we found that ZNT-1 is highly expressed at the hippocampal postsynaptic density (PSD) where NMDA receptors are enriched. Two-hybrid screening, coimmunoprecipitation experiments and clustering assay in COS-7 cells demonstrated that ZNT-1 specifically binds the GluN2A subunit of the NMDA receptor. GluN2A deletion mutants and pull-down assays indicated GluN2A(1390-1464) domain as necessary for the binding to ZNT-1. Most importantly, ZNT-1/GluN2A complex was proved to be dynamic, since it was regulated by induction of synaptic plasticity. Finally, modulation of ZNT-1 expression in hippocampal neurons determined a significant change in dendritic spine morphology, PSD-95 clusters and GluN2A surface levels, supporting the involvement of ZNT-1 in the dynamics of excitatory PSD.
dendritic spine; NMDA receptor; postsynaptic density; protein-protein interaction; ZNT-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/245128
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