We analyze the influence of the single-particle structure on the neutron density distribution and the neutron skin in Ca, Ni, Zr, Sn, and Pb isotopes. The nucleon density distributions are calculated in the Hartree-Fock+BCS approach with the SLy4 Skyrme force. A close correlation is found between the quantum numbers of the valence neutrons and the changes in the position and the diffuseness of the nuclear surface, which in turn affect the neutron skin thickness. Neutrons in the valence orbitals with low principal quantum number and high angular momentum mainly displace the position of the neutron surface outwards, while neutrons with high principal quantum number and low angular momentum basically increase the diffuseness of the neutron surface. The impact of the valence shell neutrons on the tail of the neutron density distribution is discussed.

Influence of the single-particle structure on the nuclear surface and the neutron skin / M. Warda, M. Centelles, X. Viñas, X. Roca Maza. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. C, NUCLEAR PHYSICS. - ISSN 0556-2813. - 89:6(2014), pp. 064302.1-064302.16. [10.1103/PhysRevC.89.064302]

Influence of the single-particle structure on the nuclear surface and the neutron skin

X. Roca Maza
Ultimo
2014

Abstract

We analyze the influence of the single-particle structure on the neutron density distribution and the neutron skin in Ca, Ni, Zr, Sn, and Pb isotopes. The nucleon density distributions are calculated in the Hartree-Fock+BCS approach with the SLy4 Skyrme force. A close correlation is found between the quantum numbers of the valence neutrons and the changes in the position and the diffuseness of the nuclear surface, which in turn affect the neutron skin thickness. Neutrons in the valence orbitals with low principal quantum number and high angular momentum mainly displace the position of the neutron surface outwards, while neutrons with high principal quantum number and low angular momentum basically increase the diffuseness of the neutron surface. The impact of the valence shell neutrons on the tail of the neutron density distribution is discussed.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/244998
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