The ceramide (Cer) and sphingomyelin (SM) species of cultured differentiated rat cerebellar granule cells and human fibroblasts were characterized by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. We identified 35 different species of Cer and 18 species of SM in human fibroblasts, and 35 different species of Cer and 9 species of SM were characterized in rat neurons. The main Cer species of rat cerebellar granule cells contained d18:1 sphingosine linked with palmitic, stearic, or nervonic fatty acid, and the two main SM species were d18:1,16:0 and d18:1,18:0. Both sphingolipids were enriched in detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs; or lipid rafts), and significant differences were found in the sphingolipid patterns of DRMs and of detergent-soluble fractions (DSF) from these cells. In human fibroblasts, the main Cer species were d18:1,16:0, d18:2,16:0, d18:1,24:0, d18:2,24:0, d18:1,24:1, and d18:2,24:1; the most represented species of SM were d18:1,16:0, d18:1,24:0, and d18:1,24:1. In these cells, SM was highly enriched in DRMs and Cer was mainly associated with DSF, and the species found in DRMs were markedly different from those found in DSF.

Ceramide and sphyngomyelin species of fibroblasts and neurons in culture / M. Valsecchi, L. Mauri, R. Casellato, S. Prioni, N. Loberto, A. Prinetti, V. Chigorno, S. Sonnino. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - 48:2(2007), pp. 417-424.

Ceramide and sphyngomyelin species of fibroblasts and neurons in culture

M. Valsecchi
Primo
;
L. Mauri
Secondo
;
R. Casellato;S. Prioni;N. Loberto;A. Prinetti;V. Chigorno
Penultimo
;
S. Sonnino
Ultimo
2007

Abstract

The ceramide (Cer) and sphingomyelin (SM) species of cultured differentiated rat cerebellar granule cells and human fibroblasts were characterized by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. We identified 35 different species of Cer and 18 species of SM in human fibroblasts, and 35 different species of Cer and 9 species of SM were characterized in rat neurons. The main Cer species of rat cerebellar granule cells contained d18:1 sphingosine linked with palmitic, stearic, or nervonic fatty acid, and the two main SM species were d18:1,16:0 and d18:1,18:0. Both sphingolipids were enriched in detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs; or lipid rafts), and significant differences were found in the sphingolipid patterns of DRMs and of detergent-soluble fractions (DSF) from these cells. In human fibroblasts, the main Cer species were d18:1,16:0, d18:2,16:0, d18:1,24:0, d18:2,24:0, d18:1,24:1, and d18:2,24:1; the most represented species of SM were d18:1,16:0, d18:1,24:0, and d18:1,24:1. In these cells, SM was highly enriched in DRMs and Cer was mainly associated with DSF, and the species found in DRMs were markedly different from those found in DSF.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
http://www.jlr.org/cgi/content/full/48/2/417
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/24478
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