The solubility of chromium in chlorite as a function of pressure, temperature, and bulk composition was investigated in the system Cr2O3–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O, and its effect on phase relations evaluated. Three different compositions with X Cr = Cr/(Cr + Al) = 0.075, 0.25, and 0.5 respectively, were investigated at 1.5–6.5 GPa, 650–900 °C. Cr-chlorite only occurs in the bulk composition with X Cr = 0.075; otherwise, spinel and garnet are the major aluminous phases. In the experiments, Cr-chlorite coexists with enstatite up to 3.5 GPa, 800–850 °C, and with forsterite, pyrope, and spinel at higher pressure. At P > 5 GPa other hydrates occur: a Cr-bearing phase-HAPY (Mg2.2Al1.5Cr0.1Si1.1O6(OH)2) is stable in assemblage with pyrope, forsterite, and spinel; Mg-sursassite coexists at 6.0 GPa, 650 °C with forsterite and spinel and a new Cr-bearing phase, named 11.5 Å phase (Mg:Al:Si = 6.3:1.2:2.4) after the first diffraction peak observed in high-resolution X-ray diffraction pattern. Cr affects the stability of chlorite by shifting its breakdown reactions toward higher temperature, but Cr solubility at high pressure is reduced compared with the solubility observed in low-pressure occurrences in hydrothermal environments. Chromium partitions generally according to XspinelCr ≫ XopxCr > XchloriteCr ≥ XHAPYCr > XgarnetCr . At 5 GPa, 750 °C (bulk with X Cr = 0.075) equilibrium values are XspinelCr = 0.27, XchloriteCr = 0.08, XgarnetCr = 0.05; at 5.4 GPa, 720 °C XspinelCr = 0.33, XHAPYCr = 0.06, and XgarnetCr = 0.04; and at 3.5 GPa, 850 °C XopxCr = 0.12 and XchloriteCr = 0.07. Results on Cr–Al partitioning between spinel and garnet suggest that at low temperature the spinel- to garnet-peridotite transition has a negative slope of 0.5 GPa/100 °C. The formation of phase-HAPY, in assemblage with garnet and spinel, at pressures above chlorite breakdown, provides a viable mechanism to promote H2O transport in metasomatized ultramafic mélanges of subduction channels.

The high-pressure stability of chlorite and other hydrates in subduction mélanges: experiments in the system Cr2O3–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O / P. Fumagalli, S. Poli, J. Fischer, M. Merlini, M. Gemmi. - In: CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY. - ISSN 0010-7999. - 167:2(2014), pp. 979.1-979.16. [10.1007/s00410-014-0979-5]

The high-pressure stability of chlorite and other hydrates in subduction mélanges: experiments in the system Cr2O3–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O

P. Fumagalli
;
S. Poli
Secondo
;
J. Fischer;M. Merlini;M. Gemmi
Ultimo
2014

Abstract

The solubility of chromium in chlorite as a function of pressure, temperature, and bulk composition was investigated in the system Cr2O3–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O, and its effect on phase relations evaluated. Three different compositions with X Cr = Cr/(Cr + Al) = 0.075, 0.25, and 0.5 respectively, were investigated at 1.5–6.5 GPa, 650–900 °C. Cr-chlorite only occurs in the bulk composition with X Cr = 0.075; otherwise, spinel and garnet are the major aluminous phases. In the experiments, Cr-chlorite coexists with enstatite up to 3.5 GPa, 800–850 °C, and with forsterite, pyrope, and spinel at higher pressure. At P > 5 GPa other hydrates occur: a Cr-bearing phase-HAPY (Mg2.2Al1.5Cr0.1Si1.1O6(OH)2) is stable in assemblage with pyrope, forsterite, and spinel; Mg-sursassite coexists at 6.0 GPa, 650 °C with forsterite and spinel and a new Cr-bearing phase, named 11.5 Å phase (Mg:Al:Si = 6.3:1.2:2.4) after the first diffraction peak observed in high-resolution X-ray diffraction pattern. Cr affects the stability of chlorite by shifting its breakdown reactions toward higher temperature, but Cr solubility at high pressure is reduced compared with the solubility observed in low-pressure occurrences in hydrothermal environments. Chromium partitions generally according to XspinelCr ≫ XopxCr > XchloriteCr ≥ XHAPYCr > XgarnetCr . At 5 GPa, 750 °C (bulk with X Cr = 0.075) equilibrium values are XspinelCr = 0.27, XchloriteCr = 0.08, XgarnetCr = 0.05; at 5.4 GPa, 720 °C XspinelCr = 0.33, XHAPYCr = 0.06, and XgarnetCr = 0.04; and at 3.5 GPa, 850 °C XopxCr = 0.12 and XchloriteCr = 0.07. Results on Cr–Al partitioning between spinel and garnet suggest that at low temperature the spinel- to garnet-peridotite transition has a negative slope of 0.5 GPa/100 °C. The formation of phase-HAPY, in assemblage with garnet and spinel, at pressures above chlorite breakdown, provides a viable mechanism to promote H2O transport in metasomatized ultramafic mélanges of subduction channels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/244338
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