PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is associated with decreased sedation, frequency of motion artefacts and conventional angiograms compared with single-detector CT (SDCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT examinations performed in young children between January 1993 and June 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. Prior to September 2000, SDCT was used; after that period, MDCT was used. The examinations obtained during these two periods were compared for the frequency of sedation, motion artefacts, and conventional angiograms. Statistical comparison between the two groups was determined by using the chi(2) test. RESULTS: A total of 126 infants and children younger than 6 years of age underwent 134 CT examinations. Eighty-eight were obtained with a SDCT (65%) (group 1) and 46 with a MDCT (35%) (group 2). Sedation was required in 31/88 (35%) CT examinations in group 1 and in 6/46 (13%) in group 2. Conventional angiography was performed in 20/88 (22%) cases in group 1 and in 6/46 (13%) in group 2. Motion artefacts were present in 8/88 (9%) CT examinations in group 1 and in 4/46 (8%) in group 2. There was significant statistical difference with regard to sedation and angiography rates between the two groups (p<0.001) whereas there was no significant difference with regard to motion artefacts (p>1). CONCLUSIONS: MDCT can reduce the need for sedation and conventional angiography in children after liver transplantation. There is no effect on patient motion artefacts.
|Titolo:||Single-versus multidetector-row CT : comparison of sedation rates, conventional angiograms and motion artefacts in young children following liver transplantation|
|Autori interni:||CIOFFI, UGO (Penultimo)|
ROSSI, GIORGIO ETTORE
|Parole Chiave:||Hepatic transplantation; Motion artefacts; Multidetector CT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11547-006-0090-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|