The orphan receptor TIR8, also known as SIGIRR, belongs to the TLR/IL-1R (TIR) superfamily and plays an important role in the immune response. The signalling pathways of the receptors belonging to the TIR family are tightly regulated at multiple levels and through different mechanisms. TIR8 negatively modulates innate immunity and inflammatory responses in the areas where it is primarily expressed (gastrointestinal tract, kidney and lung). TIR8 has been well characterized in mouse, humans and in other Mammalian species, but it is still poorly known in chicken. Given the importance of gastrointestinal diseases in chicken, the aim of our study was to investigate the distribution of TIR8 in a wide panel of non-pathologic tissues and organs. TIR8 expression was analyzed in chicken samples at both levels of transcript mRNA and translated protein. The pattern of expression of TIR8 (ubiquitous) was similar to Mammals for some tissues (high levels in kidney and gastrointestinal tract), but it resulted unique for other tissues. High expression was detected in liver, pancreas and female reproductive tract. Interestingly, the receptor was highly expressed also in heterophils, the most common granulocytes of birds. Few isoforms of chicken TIR8 were detected by Western blot, suggesting the occurrence of different post-translational processing in different organs. Immunohistochemistry revealed TIR8 immunolabelling in chicken intestine and thymus. These results demonstrate that the receptor, although evolutionarily conserved, show species-specific peculiarities.
|Titolo:||Expression of TIR8 receptor in chicken tissues|
|Autori interni:||TURIN, LAURETTA (Primo)|
MANAROLLA, GIOVANNI (Secondo)
RIVA, FEDERICA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||chicken; gene expression; IL-1 receptors; TIR8/SIGIRR; Toll-like receptors; inflammation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
- PubMed Central loading...