Mutations in the collagen VI genes cause the Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD), with severe phenotype, and Bethlem myopathy (BM) with mild to moderate phenotype. Both, UCMD and BM patients show dystrophic features with degeneration/regeneration and replacement of muscle with fat and fibrous connective tissue. At molecular level, UCMD patients show autophagic impairment and increased PTP opening; these features are less severe in BM. To elucidate the biochemical mechanisms adopted by the muscle to adapt to collagen VI deficiency in BM and UCMD patients, a proteome analysis was carried out on human muscle biopsies. Qualitative and quantitative differences were assessed by 2D-DIGE coupled to MALDI-ToF/ToF MS. Proteomics results, coupled with immunoblotting, indicate changes in UPR, hexosamine pathway, and amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, suggesting an association of ER stress, metabolic dysregulation, autophagic impairment, and alteration in mechanotransduction signaling. Overall, these results indicate that despite the common downregulation of hexosamine pathway in UCMD and BM, in BM the protein quality control system is sustained by a metabolic adaptation supporting energy requirements for the maintenance of autophagy, counteracting ER misfolded protein overload. In UCMD, this multilayered system may be disrupted and worsened by the metabolic rewiring, which leads to lipotoxicity.
Muscle proteomics reveals novel insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms of collagen 6. myopathies / S. De Palma, D. Capitanio, M. Vasso, P. Braghetta, C. Scotton, P. Bonaldo, H. Lochmüller, F. Muntoni, A. Ferlini, C. Gelfi, D. Capitanio. - In: JOURNAL OF PROTEOME RESEARCH. - ISSN 1535-3893. - 13:11(2014 Sep 24), pp. 5022-5030.
|Titolo:||Muscle proteomics reveals novel insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms of collagen 6. myopathies|
|Parole Chiave:||2D-DIGE; Bethlem myopathy; collagen VI; Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy; alpha-ketoglutarate; endoplasmic reticulum; hexosamine; unfolded protein response|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-set-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/pr500675e|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|