BACKGROUND: Changes in virologic response to initial combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) over calendar time may indicate improvements in cART or emergence of primary resistance. Regional variations may identify differences in available antiretroviral drugs or patient management. METHODS: Virologic response (viral load < 500 copies/mL) 6 to 12 months after starting cART was analyzed in antiretroviral-naive EuroSIDA patients. Analyses were stratified by region (south, central west, north, east) or time started cART (early, 1996-1997; mid, 1998-1999; late, 2000-1904). RESULTS: Virologic suppression was achieved by 60% of 2102 patients: 57% south (n = 560), 61% central west (n = 466), 63% north (n = 606), 58% east (n = 470) (P = 0.091). An increase was observed over time: 52% early cART, 56% mid cART, 69% late cART (P < 0.001). Overall, there were significant effects of region (P = 0.026) and time (P < 0.001) on virologic response after adjustment for confounders. Stratified by period, regional differences were less evident (early cART, P = 0.967; mid cART, P = 0.291; late cART, P = 0.163). Stratified by region, temporal changes were observed (south, P = 0.061; central west, P < 0.001; north: P = 0.070; east, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There was some evidence of regional differences in initial virologic response to cART. Improvements over time were observed, suggesting that so far, the effect of primary resistance has not been of sufficient magnitude to prevent increasing suppression rates.
Regional changes over time in initial virological response rates to combination antiretroviral therapy across Europe / W. Bannister, O. Kirk, J. Gatell, B. Knysz, J.P. Viard, H. Mens, A. D'Arminio Monforte, A. Phillips, A. Mocroft, J. Lundgren, EuroSIDA study group. - In: JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. - ISSN 1525-4135. - 42:2(2006 Jun), pp. 229-237.
|Titolo:||Regional changes over time in initial virological response rates to combination antiretroviral therapy across Europe|
|Parole Chiave:||Antiretroviral-naive; Combination antiretroviral therapy; Geographic regions; Time trends; Virologic response|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.0000214815.95786.31|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|