We propose a novel method for evaluating the similarity between two 1d patterns. Our method, referred to as two-dimensional signal warping (2DSW), extends the basic ideas of known warping techniques such as dynamic time warping and correlation optimized warping. By employing two-dimensional piecewise stretching 2DSW is able to take into account inhomogeneous variations of shapes. We apply 2DSW to ECG recordings to extract beat-to-beat variability in QT intervals (QTV) that is indicative of ventricular repolarization lability and typically characterised by a low signal-to-noise ratio. Simulation studies show high robustness of our approach in presence of typical ECG artefacts. Comparison of short-term ECG recorded in normal subjects versus patients with myocardial infarction (MI) shows significantly increased QTV in patients (normal subject 2.36 ms \pm 1.05 ms vs. MI patients 5.94 ms \pm 5.23 ms (mean \pm std), p<0.001). Evaluation of a standard QT database shows that 2DSW allows highly accurate tracking of QRS-onset and T-end. In conclusion, the two-dimensional warping approach introduced here is able to detect subtle changes in noisy quasi-periodic biomedical signals such as ECG and may have diagnostic potential for measuring repolarization lability in MI patients. In more general terms, the proposed method provides a novel means for morphological characterization of 1d signals.
|Titolo:||Two-dimensional warping for one-dimensional signals – Conceptual framework and application to ECG processing|
|Parole Chiave:||Dynamic time warping; ECG; QT; QT interval; QT variability; signal processing; two-dimensional warping; warping|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TSP.2014.2354313|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|