Flurbiprofen, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID), has been recently described to selectively inhibit β-amyloid1-42 (Aβ42) secretion, the most toxic component of the senile plaques present in the brain of Alzheimer patients. The use of this NSAID in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is hampered by a significant gastrointestinal toxicity associated with cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition. New flurbiprofen analogues were synthesized, with the aim of increasing Aβ42 inhibitory potency while removing anti-COX activity. In vitro ADME developability parameters were taken into account in order to identify optimized compounds at an early stage of the project. Appropriate substitution patterns at the alpha position of flurbiprofen allowed for the complete removal of anti-COX activity, while modifications at the terminal phenyl ring resulted in increased inhibitory potency on Aβ42 secretion. In rats, some of the compounds appeared to be well absorbed after oral administration and to penetrate into the central nervous system. Studies in a transgenic mice model of AD showed that selected compounds significantly decreased plasma Aβ42 concentrations. These new flurbiprofen analogues represent potential drug candidates to be developed for the treatment of AD. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
|Titolo:||Synthesis and biological activity of flurbiprofen analogues as selective inhibitors of β-amyloid1-42 secretion|
|Parole Chiave:||Administration, Oral; Alzheimer Disease; Amyloid beta-Peptides; Animals; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; Blood-Brain Barrier; Caco-2 Cells; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Membrane Permeability; Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors; Flurbiprofen; Glioma; Humans; Immunoassay; Injections, Intravenous; Mice; Mice, Transgenic; Peptide Fragments; Rats; Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization; Stereoisomerism; Structure-Activity Relationship; Organic Chemistry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jm0502541|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|