Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) represent an excellent model system to study orthosteric and allosteric interactions. The high sequence homology shown by orthosteric sites of mAChRs has hampered the development of subtype selective agonists. On the other hand, allosteric recognition sites are less conserved among the various mAChR subtypes. We synthesized a series of hybrid ligands designed to simultaneously interact with both orthosteric and allosteric sites (“dualsteric” compounds) by fusing orthosteric activators with M2-selective allosteric fragments (W84 and Naphmethonium). In particular, among the oxotremorine-like orthosteric agents, iperoxo emerged as a potent agonist with supraphysiological efficacy but devoid of subtype selectivity.1 To explore the whole chemical space of the binding region, we modified the structure of the three component parts (orthosteric and allosteric moieties and spacer) of dualsteric ligands.2 These ligands permitted to prove for the first time that GPCR’s allosteric vestibule is able to control the extent of receptor movement to govern a hierarchical order of G-protein coupling.3 In addition, they were found to dynamically switch between two distinct binding orientations, engendering both active and inactive populations of receptors bound by a given ligand.4 More recently, some of these ligands (notably N-8-IPER) revealed interesting antinociceptive properties and good tolerability.5 The synthetic approaches together with relevant results and implications of the biological investigation will be presented. References 1. Schrage R et al. Agonists with supraphysiological efficacy at the muscarinic M2 ACh receptor. Br J Pharmacol 2013;169(2):357-70. 2. Disingrini T et al. Design, synthesis, and action of oxotremorine-related hybrid-type allosteric modulators of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. J Med Chem 2006;49(1):366-72; Antony J et al. Dualsteric GPCR targeting: a novel route to binding and signaling pathway selectivity. FASEB J 2009;23(2):442-50. 3. Bock A et al. The allosteric vestibule of a seven transmembrane helical receptor controls G-protein coupling. Nat Commun 2012;3:1044. 4. Bock A et al. Dynamic ligand binding dictates partial agonism at a G protein-coupled receptor. Nat Chem Biol 2014;10(1):18-20. 5. Matera C et al. Bis(ammonio)alkane-type agonists of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors: Synthesis, in vitro functional characterization, and in vivo evaluation of their analgesic activity. Eur J Med Chem 2014;75:222-232.
Novel pharmacological tools which activate mAChRs: a question of "dualsterism" / C. Matera, C. Dallanoce, M. Quadri, U. Holzgrabe, E. Barocelli, K. Mohr, M. De Amici. ((Intervento presentato al convegno GPCR Spring Conference tenutosi a Barcelona nel 2014.
|Titolo:||Novel pharmacological tools which activate mAChRs: a question of "dualsterism"|
MATERA, CARLO (Corresponding)
DALLANOCE, CLELIA MARIANGIOLA LUISA (Secondo)
DE AMICI, MARCO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||28-apr-2014|
|Parole Chiave:||GPCR; allosteric; orthosteric; dualsteric; bitopic; muscarinic receptor; M1; M2; M3; M4; M5; iperoxo; biased signaling; signalling selectivity; allosteric modulator; dualsteric ligands; selective agonists|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Universitat Pompeu Fabra|
COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology
|Citazione:||Novel pharmacological tools which activate mAChRs: a question of "dualsterism" / C. Matera, C. Dallanoce, M. Quadri, U. Holzgrabe, E. Barocelli, K. Mohr, M. De Amici. ((Intervento presentato al convegno GPCR Spring Conference tenutosi a Barcelona nel 2014.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|