The TARDIKISS project (Tardigrades in Space) investigated the effects on physiology and molecular aspects of space stresses on live desiccated tardigrades, as representatives of multicellular organisms. It was part of BIOKIS (Biokon in Space), a set of multidisciplinary experiments of DAMA (DArk MAtter) mission on board of STS-134 space ﬂight, the last of the shuttle Endeavour, in the frame of a joint between Italian Space Agency (ASI) and Italian Air Force. In TARDIKISS, experimentally desiccated (anhydrobiotic) specimens of Paramacrobiotus richtersi and Ramazzottius oberhaeuseri have been used. Both species have very good anhydrobiotic ability, but differ for several biological and ecological characters. The experiment units of TARDIKISS were hosted into the Biokon, a standard transportable container designed and manufactured by Kayser Italia. In May 2011, the Biokon containing the TARDIKISS experiment unit was integrated on Middeck Locker of International Space Station (ISS) and ﬂ own for 16 days at Low Earth Orbit. Two sample sets were used as controls: the former (Laboratory Control) was maintained in Modena laboratory for the duration of the ﬂight, and the latter (Temperature Control) was a post-ﬂight control in which samples were exposed to the temperature proﬁle experienced by tardigrades the days immediately before, during, and just after the flight mission. For both species, the ﬂight animals did not show differences in survival with regard to Laboratory control and Temperature control animals. Only in R. oberhaeuseri differences have been recorded between n Flight and Temperature Control samples. Live specimens of P. richtersi from Flight samples, Laboratory control and Temperature control samples have been reared in lab. Flight females laid eggs with normal shape; several eggs have been able to hatch, and newborns exhibited normal morphology, behaviour and, when adult, normal capability to reproduce. Moreover, a comparative analysis of the antioxidant metabolism between Flight samples and Temperature control samples has been done. No differences have been evidenced between the two groups, with the exception of the reductase activity: signiﬁcant differences in reductase activity between Flight and Temperature control were evidenced (p<0.05) in R. oberhaeuseri. These ﬁrst results lead us to deduce that during the DAMA mission, microgravity and cosmic radiations did not signiﬁcantly affect survival of tardigrades in ﬂight, conﬁrming that tardigrades represent a useful animal tool for space research.
|Titolo:||Two tardigrade species on board of the STS-134 space flight|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2012|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Citazione:||Two tardigrade species on board of the STS-134 space flight / L. Rebecchi, T. Altiero, A.M. Rizzo, M. Cesari, G. Montorfano, T. Marchioro, R. Bertolani, R. Guidetti. ((Intervento presentato al 12. convegno International Symposium on Tardigrada tenutosi a V. N. Gaia nel 2012.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|