The aims of this study were to evaluate: (1) the effect of cryopreservation on DNA fragmentation of canine epididymal spermatozoa, and (2) the potential protective effect of melatonin on post-thaw sperm quality (motility, morphology, acrosomal and DNA integrity). Epididymal spermatozoa were collected after orchiectomy of ten dogs. Sperm samples were frozen in the presence or absence of melatonin (1 mM). DNA fragmentation index (percentage of spermatozoa with fragmented DNA) was similar in fresh samples (3.3 ± 3.6) and samples frozen with (4.2 ± 3.8) or without (3.6 ± 3.7) melatonin. Sperm motility was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher in fresh compared to frozen samples. The presence of melatonin in the freezing extender did not affect the sperm motility. Proportions of spermatozoa with normal morphology were similar in fresh and frozen samples, irrespective of the presence of melatonin in the extender. Acrosome integrity was significantly decreased (p < 0.01) by cryopreservation, and melatonin did not exert any beneficial effects. In conclusion, DNA fragmentation of canine epididymal spermatozoa was not affected by the freezing procedure, and the presence of melatonin did not preserve motility and acrosome integrity which were adversely affected by cryopreservation. The evaluation of DNA status of thawed gametes is particularly relevant for epididymal spermatozoa since these spermatozoa are usually stored and used in assisted reproductive techniques.

DNA integrity of fresh and frozen canine epididymal spermatozoa / S. Varesi, V. Vernocchi, M. Morselli, G.C. Luvoni. - In: REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1642-431X. - 14:4(2014 Dec), pp. 257-261. [10.1016/j.repbio.2014.07.001]

DNA integrity of fresh and frozen canine epididymal spermatozoa

S. Varesi
Primo
;
V. Vernocchi
Secondo
;
M. Morselli
Penultimo
;
G.C. Luvoni
2014

Abstract

The aims of this study were to evaluate: (1) the effect of cryopreservation on DNA fragmentation of canine epididymal spermatozoa, and (2) the potential protective effect of melatonin on post-thaw sperm quality (motility, morphology, acrosomal and DNA integrity). Epididymal spermatozoa were collected after orchiectomy of ten dogs. Sperm samples were frozen in the presence or absence of melatonin (1 mM). DNA fragmentation index (percentage of spermatozoa with fragmented DNA) was similar in fresh samples (3.3 ± 3.6) and samples frozen with (4.2 ± 3.8) or without (3.6 ± 3.7) melatonin. Sperm motility was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher in fresh compared to frozen samples. The presence of melatonin in the freezing extender did not affect the sperm motility. Proportions of spermatozoa with normal morphology were similar in fresh and frozen samples, irrespective of the presence of melatonin in the extender. Acrosome integrity was significantly decreased (p < 0.01) by cryopreservation, and melatonin did not exert any beneficial effects. In conclusion, DNA fragmentation of canine epididymal spermatozoa was not affected by the freezing procedure, and the presence of melatonin did not preserve motility and acrosome integrity which were adversely affected by cryopreservation. The evaluation of DNA status of thawed gametes is particularly relevant for epididymal spermatozoa since these spermatozoa are usually stored and used in assisted reproductive techniques.
DNA integrity; Dog; Epididymal semen; Freezing
Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/238527
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