To improve the drug delivery efficiency on target cells many strategies have been developed including also Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) approaches. In a previous study, we found that bone-marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) were able to incorporate and release the anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic drug Paclitaxel (PTX). In this study, we evaluated the stability of PTX in standard cell culture conditions by analysing the metabolites produced by MSCs after their incorporation of the drug. We are able to show that MSCs do not release neither 3-OH-PTX nor 6-OH-PTX metabolites (having a lower anticancer activity) but the release of an active PTX molecule together with the isomer 7-Epitaxol, known to maintain the whole biological activity. This confirms that the simple procedure of MSCs priming with a drug (without any genetic cell manipulation), in our case PTX, does not modify the activity of the molecule and provide a new biological-device to carry and delivery PTX in tumor sites, by contributing to improve drug efficacy and target selectivity in cancer therapy.
|Titolo:||Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Uptake And Release Paclitaxel Without Reducing Its Anticancer Activity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2174/1871520614666140618113441|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|