Background: quantitative and semi-quantitative methods have been proposed for the assessment of MR severity, although all are associated with limitations. Measurement of vena contracta width (VCW) has been used in clinical practice. Objective: To measure the VCW in dogs with different levels of MR severity Animals: 279 dogs were classified according to five levels of MR severity . Methods: This was a retrospective study. EROA and regurgitant volume calculated by the PISA method, were measured and indexed to BSA. Descriptive statistic were calculated for VCW and VCW index for all categories of MR severity. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients (ρs) were calculated to compare the results of the different methods (VCW and VCW index vs RV PISA, RV PISA index, EROA, EROA index), and between VCW and VCW index vs MR severity. Results: All Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients were significant (p<0.001). The median values of VCW resulted of 2.9 mm (IQR 3.4-2.5) and of 4.6 mm (IQR 5.4-4.1) in the groups previously classified as mild-to-moderate and moderate-to-severe respectively. The median values of VCW index resulted of 4.4 mm/m2 (IQR=5.5-4.2) in mild-to-moderate MR and of 10.8 mm/m2 (IQR=12.8-9.4) in moderate-to-severe MR. Conclusion and Clinical Importance: This is not a validation study against any previously validated invasive gold standard, the VCW method has proved easy to employ and it might be an additional tool in quantifying disease severity, that supports, rather than replace, data coming from other techniques in daily clinical practice and research.
Assessment of mitral regurgitation severity by Doppler color flow mapping of the vena contracta in dogs / M. Di Marcello, E. Terzo, C. Locatelli, V. Palermo, E. Sala, E. Dall’Aglio, C.M. Bussadori, I. Spalla, P.G. Brambilla. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-6640. - 28:4(2014), pp. 1206-1213.
|Titolo:||Assessment of mitral regurgitation severity by Doppler color flow mapping of the vena contracta in dogs|
|Parole Chiave:||Vena contracta width ; degenerative mitral valve disease ; congestive heart failure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.12380|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|