The literature data suggest the capacity of biomacromolecules to permeate the human skin, even though such a transdermal permeation appears to be governed by physicochemical parameters which are significantly different compared to those ruling the skin permeation of small molecules. On these grounds, the present study was undertaken to investigate the in vitro diffusion properties through the human epidermis of hyaluronic acid and their sulfates. Low- and medium-molecular-weight hyaluronic acids and the corresponding derivatives at two degrees of sulfation were then tested. In vitro studies evidenced that the sulfated polymers permeate better than the corresponding hyaluronic acid, despite their vastly greater polarity, while the observed permeation markedly decreases when increasing the polymer's molecular weight regardless of the sulfation degree. Using a fluorescent-labeled polysaccharide, it was also evidenced that hyaluronans have a great affinity for corneocytes and likely cross the stratum corneum mainly through a transcellular route. The molecular-dynamics study revealed how the observed permeations for the investigated polysaccharides can be rationalized by monitoring their conformational profiles, since the permeation was found to be directly related to their capacity to assume extended and flexible conformations.
The role of the conformational profile of polysaccharides on skin penetration: the case of hyaluronan and sulfates / F. Cilurzo, G. Vistoli, C. Gennari, F. Selmin, F. Gardoni, S. Franzè, M. Campisi, P. Minghetti. - In: CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY. - ISSN 1612-1872. - 11:4(2014), pp. 551-561.
|Titolo:||The role of the conformational profile of polysaccharides on skin penetration: the case of hyaluronan and sulfates|
CILURZO, FRANCESCO (Corresponding)
VISTOLI, GIULIO (Secondo)
MINGHETTI, PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Radius of gyration; Molecular dynamics; Skin permeation; Hyaluronan|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/09 - Farmaceutico Tecnologico Applicativo|
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201300130|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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