After the completion of the human genome sequence and that from many other organisms, last decade has witnessed a spectacular gain of knowledge on gene functions. These studies provided new insights on the roles of genes in physiology and disease. Nonetheless, the availability of genetically modified models and of “omics” technologies such as next generation sequencing unveiled clear evidences on epigenetic regulation of many cellular functions. At this regard, sirtuins, belonging to class III histone deacetylase family, have emerged as regulators of metabolism as well as other cellular processes and seem ideally suited as targets of future therapeutical interventions. This review deals on general aspects of the biology of sirtuins and focuses on their relevance in lipid metabolism in different tissues, pointing to their exploitation as potential pharmacological targets of compounds that could be used as new therapeutic alternatives in several disorders ranging from type 2 diabetes and obesity to age-related cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.
The sirtuin class of histone deacetylases: Regulation and roles in lipid metabolism / E. Fiorino, M. Giudici, A. Ferrari, N. Mitro, D. Caruso, E. De Fabiani, M. Crestani. - In: IUBMB LIFE. - ISSN 1521-6543. - 66:2(2014 Feb 03), pp. 89-99.
|Titolo:||The sirtuin class of histone deacetylases: Regulation and roles in lipid metabolism|
|Parole Chiave:||energy metabolism; lipid metabolism; metabolic regulation; obesity; sirtuins; type 2 diabetes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||3-feb-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.1246|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|