We investigated how nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor modulates muscarinic receptor expression in epileptic rats. We found that subchronic treatment (4 days) with Nω-nitro-l-arginine reduced the down-regulation of muscarinic receptors induced by pilocarpine and kainic acid in rat fronto-parietal cortex, notwithstanding the dramatic potentiation of seizures induced by both convulsants. Furthermore, functional experiments in fronto-parietal cortex slices, showed that Nω-nitro-l-arginine reduces the down-regulating effect of pilocarpine on carbachol-induced phosphoinositol hydrolysis. Finally, Nω-nitro-l-arginine greatly potentiated the induction of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) by pilocarpine. These data suggest a potential role of NO in a regulatory feedback loop to control muscarinic receptor signal during seizures. The dramatic potentiation of convulsions by NO synthase inhibitors in some animal models of seizures could derive from preventing this feedback loop.
|Titolo:||Nitric oxide synthase inhibition reverts muscarinic receptor down-regulation induced by pilocarpine- and kainic acid-evoked seizures in rat fronto-parietal cortex|
|Parole Chiave:||Kainic acid ; Muscarinic receptor ; Nitric oxide ; Phosphoinositide hydrolysis ; Pilocarpine; Seizure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2013.10.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|