Background: Pendrin, an anion exchanger associated with the inner ear, thyroid and kidney, plays a significant role in respiratory tissues and diseases, where its expression is increased following IL-4 and IL-13 exposure. The mechanism leading to increased pendrin expression is in part due to binding of STAT6 to a consensus sequence (N4 GAS motif) located in the pendrin promoter. As retrospective analyses of the 5' upstream sequence of the human pendrin promoter revealed an additional N4 GAS motif (1660 base pairs upstream of the one previously identified), we set out to define its contribution to IL-4 stimulated changes in pendrin promoter activity. Methods and Results: Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that STAT6 bound to oligonucleotides corresponding to both N4 GAS motifs in vitro, while dual luciferase promoter assays revealed that only one of the N4 GAS motifs was necessary for IL-4-stimulated increases in pendrin promoter activity in living cells. We then examined the ability of STAT6 to bind each of the N4 GAS motifs in vivo with a site-specific ChIP assay, the results of which showed that STAT6 interacted with only the N4 GAS motif that was functionally implicated in increasing the activity of the pendrin promoter following IL-4 treatment. Conclusions: Of the two N4 GAS motifs located in the human pendrin promoter region analyzed in this study (nucleotides-3906 to +7), only the one located nearest to the first coding ATG participates in IL-4 stimulated increases in promoter activity.
|Titolo:||The human pendrin promoter contains two N4 GAS motifs with different functional relevance|
|Parole Chiave:||ChIP; Cytokine; Interleukin 4; SLC26A4; STAT6|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1159/000356642|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|