Background: Since 2001, the urban area of Milan has been operating a network among 23 cardiac care units, the 118 dispatch centre (national free number for medical emergencies), and the county government health agency called Group for Prehospital Cardiac Emergency. Methods and results: In order to monitor the network activity, time to treatment, and clinical outcome, a periodic survey, called MOMI2, was repeated two or three times a year. Each survey lasted 30 days and was repeated in comparable periods. Data were stratified for hospital admission mode. We collected data concerning 708 consecutive ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients (male 72.6%; mean age 64.4 years). In these six surveys, we observed a high rate of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (73.2%) and a mortality rate of 6.3%. Using advanced statistical models, we identified age, Killip class, and the symptom onset-to-balloon time as most relevant prognostic factors. Nonparametric test showed that the modality of hospital admittance was the most critical determinant of door-to-balloon time. 12-lead ECG tele-transmission and activation of a fast track directly to the catheterization laboratory are easy action to reduce time to treatment. Conclusions: The experience of the Milan network for cardiac emergency shows how a network coordinating the community, rescue units, and hospitals in a complex urban area and making use of medical technology contributes to the health care of patients with STEMI.

Mortality and ST resolution in patients admitted with STEMI: the MOMI survey of emergency service experience in a complex urban area / N. Grieco, G. Sesana, E. Corrada, F. Ieva, A. Paganoni, M. Marzegalli. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. ACUTE CARDIOVASCULAR CARE. - ISSN 2048-8726. - 1:3(2012 Sep 10), pp. 192-199. [10.1177/2048872612453923]

Mortality and ST resolution in patients admitted with STEMI: the MOMI survey of emergency service experience in a complex urban area

F. Ieva;
2012

Abstract

Background: Since 2001, the urban area of Milan has been operating a network among 23 cardiac care units, the 118 dispatch centre (national free number for medical emergencies), and the county government health agency called Group for Prehospital Cardiac Emergency. Methods and results: In order to monitor the network activity, time to treatment, and clinical outcome, a periodic survey, called MOMI2, was repeated two or three times a year. Each survey lasted 30 days and was repeated in comparable periods. Data were stratified for hospital admission mode. We collected data concerning 708 consecutive ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients (male 72.6%; mean age 64.4 years). In these six surveys, we observed a high rate of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (73.2%) and a mortality rate of 6.3%. Using advanced statistical models, we identified age, Killip class, and the symptom onset-to-balloon time as most relevant prognostic factors. Nonparametric test showed that the modality of hospital admittance was the most critical determinant of door-to-balloon time. 12-lead ECG tele-transmission and activation of a fast track directly to the catheterization laboratory are easy action to reduce time to treatment. Conclusions: The experience of the Milan network for cardiac emergency shows how a network coordinating the community, rescue units, and hospitals in a complex urban area and making use of medical technology contributes to the health care of patients with STEMI.
ECG ; myocardial infarction ; primary angioplasty ; statistics ; survey ; tests
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/233361
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