Research in the field of health has shown that the well-being can not be conceived as merely absence of disease. It is quite a complex construct that includes physical, psychological and social components. Based on recent developments in positive psychology well-being is composed of hedonic components , which relate to the maximization of pleasure and minimization of pain, and eudaimonic components , which include personal growth and the expression of personal abilities and potential. Although the hedonic components and eudaimoniche are the subject of research for many years , to date few studies have been conducted on the relationship between general well-being at the level of professional categories . Therefore, in this work we set the goal is to examine the hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in various life domains by comparing three professional groups :employees, technicians and helping professionals . The data collection was carried out through a battery of questionnaires to investigate the components of wellbeing: Eudaimonic Hedonic Happiness Investigation ( EHHI ) , Satisfaction With Life Scale ( SWLS ) , Positive and Negative Affect Scale ( PANAS ) and Meaning in Life Questionnaire ( MLQ ) . First, we analyzed the perception of well-being in the three professional groups , both overall and in specific life domains such as family , work and health. As a theoretical basis was used Equilibrium Theory , the object of which is the study of the relationship between perception of well-being in the various spheres of life and sense of well-being in life in general . Then we analyzed the life goals identified by participants in the three professionals groups and the underlying motivations, using as framework the Theory of Self-determination , which describes the human being as an active organism that naturally tends to realize their own capabilities. Finally, an exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the influence of eudaimonici hedonic factors upon goals and underlying motivations . This work has innovative features as it is the first to analyze the interaction between hedonic and eudaimonic components in some constructs of well-being , while previous research has focused on the influence of individual components on welfare. In particular, it highlighted the need to invest in a balanced manner across multiple life domains in order to achieve a stable level of well-being over time. This investment , to be effective , must include both the hedonic and the eudaimonic components. The results obtained allow to highlight the particular weight that the various life domains represent for each professional group in relation to wellbeing, to life goals and the underlying motives . The differences emerged between the groups provide practical ideas to promote strategies of intervention at both the individual and the group level. Individuals are given tools to attribute significance to the various life domains, while at group level interventions have been identified for organizations in order to improve the motivation of workers.

LE COMPONENTI EDONICHE ED EUDAIMONICHE DEL BENESSERE IN TRE GRUPPI PROFESSIONALI: UNO STUDIO COMPARATIVO / G. Bacher ; tutor: A. Delle Fave ; coordinator: R. Weinstein. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI FISIOPATOLOGIA MEDICO-CHIRURGICA E DEI TRAPIANTI, 2014 Mar 10. ((26. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2013. [10.13130/bacher-gertraud_phd2014-03-10].

LE COMPONENTI EDONICHE ED EUDAIMONICHE DEL BENESSERE IN TRE GRUPPI PROFESSIONALI: UNO STUDIO COMPARATIVO

G. Bacher
2014-03-10

Abstract

Research in the field of health has shown that the well-being can not be conceived as merely absence of disease. It is quite a complex construct that includes physical, psychological and social components. Based on recent developments in positive psychology well-being is composed of hedonic components , which relate to the maximization of pleasure and minimization of pain, and eudaimonic components , which include personal growth and the expression of personal abilities and potential. Although the hedonic components and eudaimoniche are the subject of research for many years , to date few studies have been conducted on the relationship between general well-being at the level of professional categories . Therefore, in this work we set the goal is to examine the hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in various life domains by comparing three professional groups :employees, technicians and helping professionals . The data collection was carried out through a battery of questionnaires to investigate the components of wellbeing: Eudaimonic Hedonic Happiness Investigation ( EHHI ) , Satisfaction With Life Scale ( SWLS ) , Positive and Negative Affect Scale ( PANAS ) and Meaning in Life Questionnaire ( MLQ ) . First, we analyzed the perception of well-being in the three professional groups , both overall and in specific life domains such as family , work and health. As a theoretical basis was used Equilibrium Theory , the object of which is the study of the relationship between perception of well-being in the various spheres of life and sense of well-being in life in general . Then we analyzed the life goals identified by participants in the three professionals groups and the underlying motivations, using as framework the Theory of Self-determination , which describes the human being as an active organism that naturally tends to realize their own capabilities. Finally, an exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the influence of eudaimonici hedonic factors upon goals and underlying motivations . This work has innovative features as it is the first to analyze the interaction between hedonic and eudaimonic components in some constructs of well-being , while previous research has focused on the influence of individual components on welfare. In particular, it highlighted the need to invest in a balanced manner across multiple life domains in order to achieve a stable level of well-being over time. This investment , to be effective , must include both the hedonic and the eudaimonic components. The results obtained allow to highlight the particular weight that the various life domains represent for each professional group in relation to wellbeing, to life goals and the underlying motives . The differences emerged between the groups provide practical ideas to promote strategies of intervention at both the individual and the group level. Individuals are given tools to attribute significance to the various life domains, while at group level interventions have been identified for organizations in order to improve the motivation of workers.
DELLE FAVE, ANTONELLA
WEINSTEIN, ROBERTO LODOVICO
Settore M-PSI/06 - Psicologia del Lavoro e delle Organizzazioni
LE COMPONENTI EDONICHE ED EUDAIMONICHE DEL BENESSERE IN TRE GRUPPI PROFESSIONALI: UNO STUDIO COMPARATIVO / G. Bacher ; tutor: A. Delle Fave ; coordinator: R. Weinstein. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI FISIOPATOLOGIA MEDICO-CHIRURGICA E DEI TRAPIANTI, 2014 Mar 10. ((26. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2013. [10.13130/bacher-gertraud_phd2014-03-10].
Doctoral Thesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/233152
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