The incompressibility of finite fermionic systems is investigated using analytical approaches and microscopic models. The incompressibility of a system is directly linked to the zero-point kinetic energy of constituent fermions, and this is a universal feature of fermionic systems. In the case of atomic nuclei, this implies a constant value of the incompressibility in medium-heavy and heavy nuclei. The evolution of nuclear incompressibility along Sn and Pb isotopic chains is analyzed using global microscopic models, based on both nonrelativistic and relativistic energy functionals. The result is an almost constant incompressibility in stable nuclei and systems not far from stability and a steep decrease in nuclei with pronounced neutron excess, caused by the emergence of a soft monopole mode in neutron-rich nuclei.
|Titolo:||Incompressibility of finite fermionic systems : stable and exotic atomic nuclei|
COLO', GIANLUCA (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevC.87.064311|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|