Positronium (Ps) has been the subject of several experimental and theoretical investigations due to its many scientific applications. In this work high positronium yield was found in engineered porous silica. The studied materials were pellets of swollen MCM-41 and of commercial Davicat 1700, obtained by different compression pressures, with mesopores characterized by different structural and chemical features. The measurements were performed with a variable energy positron beam at room temperature. An estimation of the Ps mean diffusion length was obtained by measuring capped samples. A selected swollen MCM-41 sample (0.39 g/cm3) was measured also at cryogenic temperature (8 K). In this material both the Ps yield and the Ps diffusion length are found to be independent of temperature. The pore surface of the swollen MCM-41 samples is very interesting in comparison to commercial silica as it possesses hydrophobic patches to avoid ice formation at low temperature. Positron lifetime measurements show a high Ps survival time inside the mesoporous materials (∼110 ns), which promotes a high Ps mobility during cooling inside the pores favoring diffusion lengths up to 1 μm for swollen MCM-41 materials. Besides, it was possible to estimate the total Ps yield coming up outside the sample at high implantation energies and the time between the implantation of positrons and the Ps release.
|Titolo:||Positronium production in engineered porous silica|
|Parole Chiave:||micelle-templated silica; antihydrogen production; annihilation; SIO2; thermalization; collisions; surface; powder; states; aegis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp410221m|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|