To study the in vivo dynamics of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha), master regulator of O(2)-dependent gene expression, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the hypoxic myocardium, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 4 to 6 per group) were exposed to 1-hr hypoxia (10% O(2)), 23-hr hypoxia, and 23-hr hypoxia, followed by reoxygenation. HIF-1alpha increased 15-fold after 1-hr hypoxia, remained constant for 23 hrs, and returned to baseline on reoxygenation. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) were unchanged throughout. Phosphorylated p38 increased 4-fold after 1-hr hypoxia and returned to baseline within 23-hr hypoxia. The activity of stress-activated protein kinases/c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinases (JNKs), measured as phosphorylated c-Jun, increased 3-fold after 1-hr hypoxia and remained sustained afterward. Furthermore, HIF-1alpha was halved in rats that were administered with the p38 inhibitor SB202190 and made hypoxic for 1 hr. In conclusion, although very sensitive to the reoxygenation, HIF-1alpha is overexpressed in vivo in the hypoxic myocardium, and its acute induction by hypoxia is correlated with that of p38.
|Titolo:||Heart HIF-1alpha and MAP kinases during hypoxia : are they associated in vivo?|
CARETTI, ANNA (Primo)
SAMAJA, MICHELE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||c-Jun; ERK1/2; HSP27; JNK; p38; SB202190|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|