CA19.9 antigen is a glycoprotein present in human serum and found elevated in various diseases. It is intensively studied since long time as a potential marker for managing cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, but its reliability is widely accepted only for pancreatic cancers. Here, we focused on the tetrasaccharide epitope (NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNAc) sialyl-Lewis a studying the biosynthesis, expression, and secretion in colon cancers and related cancer cell lines. We found that the β1,3 galactosyltransferase β3Gal-T5, responsible for sialyl-Lewis a synthesis, is dramatically reduced in colon adenocarcinomas, in terms of both transcript and enzyme activity levels. Moreover, no or very faint antigen is detectable in colon cancer homogenates, by dot-blot or enzyme immunoassay, while it is commonly evident in sera from different patients. In cancer cell lines synthesizing CA19.9, the amount of antigen secreted is proportional to that expressed on the cell surface, and depends on appreciable levels of β3Gal-T5, which appear much higher than those measured in colon cancer specimens. Since colon cancers appear unable to synthesize relevant amount of CA19.9, we suggest that the antigen circulating in the serum of colon cancer patients may have a different and more complex origin than expected so far.
|Titolo:||CA19.9 antigen circulating in the serum of colon cancer patients : where is it from?|
CARETTI, ANNA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Carbohydrate antigen; Colon cancer; Gastrointestinal tract; Hepatobiliary system; Tumor marker|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2013.01.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|