The volumes of the nerve cell bodies and those of the enveloping satellite cell sheaths from spinal ganglia were determined by morphometric methods applied to electron micrographs in young, adult, old and very old rabbits. The mean volume of the nerve cell bodies increased progressively with age; this is probably related to the increase with age of the body size of the rabbits studied. The mean volume of the satellite cell sheaths did not differ significantly in young, adult and old animals, but was significantly smaller in very old animals. It is extremely unlikely that this marked reduction in the volume of the satellite cell sheath is the result of a pathological process. The mean value of the volume ratio between the satellite cell sheaths and the related nerve cell bodies did not differ significantly in young and adult animals, but was significantly smaller in old and very old animals. This ratio was particularly low in very old animals. Our analysis showed that in each age group the volume of the satellite cell sheath is linearly related to the volume of the related nerve cell body. This result suggests that in rabbit spinal ganglia the quantitative relations between glial and nervous tissue are tightly controlled throughout life. It is suggested that ganglionic neurons release signals to influence and control the volume of their associated glial tissue. Since satellite cells have important support roles for the neurons they surround, it is likely that the marked reduction in the volume of perineuronal sheaths in the extremely advanced age is accompanied by a reduction of those roles, with negative consequences for neuronal activity.
The perineuronal glial tissue of spinal ganglia : quantitative changes in the rabbit from youth to extremely advanced age / C. Martinelli, P. Sartori, S. De Palo, M. Ledda, E. Pannese. - In: ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 0340-2061. - 211:5(2006 Oct), pp. 455-463.
|Titolo:||The perineuronal glial tissue of spinal ganglia : quantitative changes in the rabbit from youth to extremely advanced age|
MARTINELLI, CARLA (Primo)
SARTORI, PATRIZIA (Secondo)
LEDDA, MARIA (Penultimo)
PANNESE, ENNIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Aging; Dorsal root ganglia; Neuron-glia interactions; Perineuronal satellite cells; Peripheral neuroglia|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00429-006-0097-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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