Background aims. Traditional antibiotic therapy is based on the oral or systemic injection of antibiotics that are often unable to stop a deep infection (eg, osteomyelitis). We studied whether or not bone marrow stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are able to uptake and release ciprofloxacin (CPX), a fluoroquinolone considered the drug of choice for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis because of its favorable penetration into poorly vascularized sites of infection. Methods. Human bone marrow stromal cells (BM-MSCs) were primed with CPX (BM-MSCsCPX) according to a methodology previously standardized in our laboratory for paclitaxel (PTX). The anti-microbial activity of CPX released from BM-MSCs cells (BM-MSCsCPXCM)or supernatant from cell lysate (BM-MSCsCPX-LYS) was evaluated by agar dilution and microdilution methods on three bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). To investigate whether or not primed cells (BM-MSCsCPX) were able to directly act on the bacterial growth, co-colture was performed by mixing E. coli suspension to an increasing number of BM-MSCsCPX. The anti-bacterial activity was determined as number of BMMSCsCPX that completely inhibited bacterial growth. Results. The results demonstrated that BM-MSCsCPX are able to uptake and then release CPX in the conditioned medium. The loaded antibiotic maintains its active form throughout the process as tested on bacteria. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that CPX-loaded MSCs may represent an important device for carrying and delivering CPX (and perhaps other antibiotics) into infected deep microenvironments; they could be used for local application and by systemic infusion when their homing capacity into the bone is cleared.
Human mesenchymal stromal cells can uptake and release ciprofloxacin, acquiring in vitro anti-bacterial activity / F. SISTO, A. BONOMI, L. CAVICCHINI, V. COCCÈ, M.M. SCALTRITO, G. BONDIOLOTTI, G. ALESSANDRI, E. PARATI, A. PESSINA. - In: CYTOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-3249. - 16:2(2014), pp. 181-190.
|Titolo:||Human mesenchymal stromal cells can uptake and release ciprofloxacin, acquiring in vitro anti-bacterial activity|
SISTO, FRANCESCA (Primo)
BONOMI, ARIANNA (Secondo)
PESSINA, AUGUSTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||ciprofloxacin ; in vitro anti-bacterial activity ; mesenchymal stromal cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcyt.2013.11.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|