BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor, a P2Y12 antagonist, is an antiplatelet agent approved for the treatment of acute coronary syndromes; it also inhibits adenosine uptake by erythrocytes and other cells. OBJECTIVE: To test whether ticagrelor inhibits platelet aggregation (PA) in whole blood (WB) by increasing the extracellular levels of adenosine, which inhibits PA via the A2A receptor. METHODS: Collagen-induced PA was measured in WB or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) from 50 healthy subjects and two patients with inherited P2Y12 deficiency, in presence/absence of adenosine concentrations that by themselves marginally affected PA in WB, and ZM241385 (A2A antagonist). The effects of ticagrelor, the active metabolite of prasugrel (PAM) (P2Y12 antagonist), and dipyridamole (adenosine uptake inhibitor) on PA and on adenosine clearance in WB were compared. RESULTS: For PA in WB, adenosine contributed to drug-induced inhibition of PA; the adenosine contribution was similar for dipyridamole and ticagrelor but was significantly greater for ticagrelor than for PAM (P < 0.01). For PA in PRP (no adenosine uptake by erythrocytes), adenosine contributed to inhibition of PA in the presence/absence of all tested drugs. ZM241385 reversed the inhibition by adenosine in WB and PRP. Similar results were obtained with WB and PRP from P2Y12 -deficient patients. Adenosine (7.1 μmol L(-1) ) added to WB, was detectable for 0.5 min in the presence of vehicle or PAM, for 3-6 min in the presence of ticagrelor, and for > 60 min in the presence of dipyridamole. CONCLUSION: This study provides the first evidence of an additional antiplatelet mechanism by ticagrelor, mediated by the induced increase of adenosine levels.
Ticagrelor inhibits human platelet aggregation via adenosine in addition to P2Y12 antagonism / S. Nylander, E.A. Femia, M. Scavone, P. Berntsson, A. Asztély, K. Nelander, L. Löfgren, R.G. Nilsson, M. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. - ISSN 1538-7933. - 11:10(2013 Oct), pp. 1867-1876.
|Titolo:||Ticagrelor inhibits human platelet aggregation via adenosine in addition to P2Y12 antagonism|
FEMIA, ETI ALESSANDRA (Secondo)
CATTANEO, MARCO NATALE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adenosine; Adenosine A2A receptor; Equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1; Platelet aggregation; Receptors, purinergic P2Y12; Ticagrelor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jth.12360|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|