In this essay I try to answer two different questions: ‘how can we define disgust?’ and ‘which kind of relationship is there between taste and disgust?’. In order to give a definition of the notion of disgust I analyze the works of different modern philosophers of the 18th century. In the first part of my writing I support the idea that disgust is strictly connected to the sense of smell. Taking into account this consideration and the idea that aesthetic feeling is never a mere pleasure of sense, I then make a distinction between feeling and emotion. This distinction allows me to say that disgust is always an emotion, and it is never connected to a judgment of taste. Within the experience of disgust, the distance and the disinterest that aesthetics requires are nullified: both in reality and in works of art disgust can never be mixed with pleasure. On this basis, I analyze the connection between disgust and hunger, as discussed by Diderot and Lessing, sympathy and animals. Ultimately, I can state that disgust can never be mixed with pleasure, and it can never find a place in the judgment of taste. Disgust isn’t opposed to beauty, but it marks its limits.
|Titolo:||Il disgusto nel secolo dei Lumi|
|Parole Chiave:||Aesthetics ; Philosophy ; Theory of art ; Enlightenment|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-FIL/04 - Estetica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.13130/2240-9599/3481|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|