A new prophylactic and therapeutic antimicrobial strategy based on a specific physiological target that is effectively used by killer yeasts in their natural ecological competition is theorized. The natural system exploited is the yeast killer phenomenon previously adopted as an epidemiological marker for intraspecific differentiation of opportunistic yeasts, hyphomycetes, and bacteria. Pathogenic microorganisms (Candida albicans) may be susceptible to the activity of yeast killer toxins due to the presence of specific cell wall receptors. On the basis of the idiotypic network, we report that antiidiotypic antibodies, produced against a monoclonal antibody bearing the receptor-like idiotype, are in vivo protecting animals immunized through idiotypic vaccination and in vitro mimicking the antimicrobial activity of yeast killer toxins, thus acting as antibiotics.
|Titolo:||Interfaces of the yeast killer phenomenon|
MORACE, GIULIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||adsorption ; antibodies, anti-idiotypic ; fungal proteins ; killer factors, yeast ; mycotoxins ; yeasts|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3109/10408419109113509|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|