The objectives of this study were to 1) identify determinants of poor welfare in commercial broiler chicken flocks by studying the associations be-tween selected resource-based measures (RBM, poten-tial risk factors), such as litter quality and dark period, and animal-based welfare indicators (ABM), such as foot pad dermatitis and lameness, and 2) establish the breadth of effect of a risk factor by determining the range of animal welfare indicators associated with each of the risk factors (i.e., the number of ABM related to a specific RBM). Eighty-nine broiler flocks were inspect-ed in 4 European countries (France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands) in a cross-sectional study. The ABM were contact dermatitis (measured us-ing scores of foot-pad dermatitis and hock burn, respec-tively), lameness (measured as gait score), fear of hu-mans (measured by the avoidance distance test and the touch test), and negative emotional state (measured using qualitative behavior assessment, QBA). In a first step, risk factors were identified by building a multiple linear regression model for each ABM. Litter quality was identified as a risk factor for contact dermatitis. Length of dark period at 3 wk old (DARK3) was a risk factor for the touch test result. DARK3 and flock age were risk factors for lameness, and the number of dif-ferent stockmen and DARK3 were risk factors for QBA results. Next, the ABM were grouped according to risk factor and counted. Then, in a second step, associations between the ABM were investigated using common fac-tor analysis. The breadth of a risk factor’s effect was judged by combining the number (count) of ABM re-lated to this factor and the strength of association be-tween these ABM. Flock age and DARK3 appeared to affect several weakly correlated ABM, thus indicating a broad range of effects. Our findings suggest that ma-nipulation of the predominant risk factors identified in this study (DARK3, litter quality, and slaughter age) could generate improvements in the related ABM and thereby enhance the birds’ overall welfare status.
|Titolo:||Potential risk factors associated with contact dermatitis, lameness, negative emotional state, and fear of humans in broiler chicken flocks|
|Parole Chiave:||Animal welfare; Behavior; Broiler chicken; Leg health; Risk factor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3382/ps.2013-03208|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|