Rabbits with high fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome (MetS) developed hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and showed a reduced gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) immunopositivity in the hypothalamus. This study investigated the relationship between MetS and hypothalamic alterations in HFD-rabbits. Gonadotropin levels decreased as a function of MetS severity, hypothalamic gene expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). HFD determined a low-grade inflammation in the hypothalamus, significantly inducing microglial activation, expression and immunopositivity of IL-6, as well as GLUT4 and reduced immunopositivity for KISS1 receptor, whose mRNA expression was negatively correlated to glucose intolerance. Correcting glucose metabolism with obetcholic acid improved hypothalamic alterations, reducing GLUT4 and IL-6 immunopositivity and significantly increasing GnRH mRNA, without, however, preventing HFD-related HH. No significant effects at the hypothalamic level were observed after systemic anti-inflammatory treatment (infliximab). Our results suggest that HFD-induced metabolic derangements negatively affect GnRH neuron function through an inflammatory injury at the hypothalamic level.
|Titolo:||Metabolic syndrome induces inflammation and impairs gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in the preoptic area of the hypothalamus in rabbits|
|Parole Chiave:||GLUT4 ; Glucose intolerance ; Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism ; Hypothalamic inflammation ; IL-6 ; Metabolic syndrome|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-gen-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.mce.2013.09.017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|