The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of retinal areas involved in a localized retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect and to assess correlations between microperimetry and the standard full threshold central 30 deg visual field test. Twenty-five patients with focal RNFL defects, evaluated by means of Argon-blue scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO), underwent an automated 30 deg central visual field examination and a microperimetry with SLO. Microperimetry was performed according to standard procedures (infrared laser for fundus imaging; HeNe laser for 10 candles/m2 background illumination, fixation aid and generation of stimuli; manual fundus tracking). The size of stimuli was Goldmann III with 0.1 sec duration. In eyes with focal RNFL defects a deep microperimetric scotoma of at least 5 dB was found in 12 cases and a mild scotoma (1-4 dB) in 13 cases. These scotomas were mainly located throughout the whole defect or grouped in the temporal or nasal sides of the defect and were characterized by sharp and well-defined borders. With automated perimetry, a scotoma, defined by a single point depression of at least 10 dB or a depression of at least 5 dB in two or more contiguous points corresponding to the RNFL, defect, was found in only 14 out of 25 eyes with microperimetric defect. Focal RNFL defects correspond to localized areas of depressed retinal sensitivity as evaluated by microperimetry. The close correspondence between structural and microperimetric findings suggests that, in hypertensive eyes also, localized RNFL defects correspond to visual dysfunction possibly associated with substantial atrophy of ganglion cells.
|Titolo:||Microperimetry of localized retinal nerve fiber layer defects|
ORZALESI, NICOLA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||retinal nerve fiber layer ; microperimetry ; scanning laser ophthalmoscope ; perimetry ; glaucoma|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0042-6989(97)00171-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|