Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a heterogeneous group of central neurological degenerations often associated with diffuse deterioration of the hypothalamic cholinergic neurons. In the hypothesis of an altered cholinergic regulation of vasopressin release, we evaluated vasopressin response to metoclopramide (20 mg i.v.), a cholinomimetic agonist, in 12 MSA patients. In the same patients the hemodynamic and osmolal control of vasopressin was also evaluated. We found that MSA patients had significantly lower basal plasma vasopressin values and higher plasma osmolality than control subjects. However, they displayed a normal vasopressin response to osmotic stimulation. During head-up tilting, orthostatic hypotension occurred in all patients, and the vasopressin response to hypotension was severely blunted in 5 of 12 patients, thus demonstrating the presence of a lesion of the afferent noradrenergic pathways. Metoclopramide increased vasopressin in control subjects, whereas MSA patients did not display any increase in vasopressin. These results clearly indicate that cholinergic neurons that regulate vasopressin release are damaged in MSA. Such an alteration may be dissociated from the lesion of the afferent noradrenergic pathways. As a consequence of the altered vasopressin release, MSA patients show lower plasma vasopressin levels with consequent propensity to dehydration and hypovolemia, which may further aggravate their hypotension.
|Titolo:||Altered vasopressin response to metoclopramide in multiple system atrophy : evidence of a cholinergic defect in the hypothalamus|
MANGONI, ALFONSO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Metoclopramide; MSA; Multiple system atrophy; Vasopressin|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1600-0404.1992.tb04047.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|