Neisseria meningitidis type A (MenA) is a Gram-negative encapsulated bacterium that is a major cause of epidemic meningitis, especially in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. The development and manufacture of a liquid glycoconjugate vaccine against MenA are hampered by the poor hydrolytic stability of its capsular polysaccharide (CPS), consisting of (1 -> 6)-linked 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-mannopyranosyl phosphate repeating units. The replacement of the ring oxygen with a methylene group to generate a carbocyclic analogue leads to enhancement of its chemical stability. Herein, we report conjugation of carbocyclic analogue monomer, dimer, and trimer to the protein carrier CRM197. After immunization in mice, only the conjugated trimer was able to induce specific anti-MenA polysaccharide IgG antibodies with in vitro bactericidal activity, although to a lesser extent than pentadecamer and hexamer oligomers obtained from mild acid hydrolysis of the native polysaccharide conjugated to the same protein carrier. This study represents the first proof-of-concept that hydrolytically stable structural analogues of saccharide antigens can be used for the development of efficacious antimicrobial preventative therapies. Conjugates with longer carbocyclic oligomers and/or precise acetylation patterns could further increase the induced immune response to a level comparable with those of commercially available anti-meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccines.

Immunoactivity of Protein Conjugates of Carba Analogues from Neisseria meningitidis A Capsular Polysaccharide / Q. Gao, M. Tontini, G. Brogioni, A. Nilo, S. Filippini, C. Harfouche, L. Polito, M.R. Romano, P. Costantino, F. Berti, R. Adamo, L. Lay. - In: ACS CHEMICAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1554-8929. - 8:11(2013 Sep), pp. 2561-2567. [10.1021/cb400463u]

Immunoactivity of Protein Conjugates of Carba Analogues from Neisseria meningitidis A Capsular Polysaccharide

Q. Gao;L. Lay
2013-09

Abstract

Neisseria meningitidis type A (MenA) is a Gram-negative encapsulated bacterium that is a major cause of epidemic meningitis, especially in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. The development and manufacture of a liquid glycoconjugate vaccine against MenA are hampered by the poor hydrolytic stability of its capsular polysaccharide (CPS), consisting of (1 -> 6)-linked 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-mannopyranosyl phosphate repeating units. The replacement of the ring oxygen with a methylene group to generate a carbocyclic analogue leads to enhancement of its chemical stability. Herein, we report conjugation of carbocyclic analogue monomer, dimer, and trimer to the protein carrier CRM197. After immunization in mice, only the conjugated trimer was able to induce specific anti-MenA polysaccharide IgG antibodies with in vitro bactericidal activity, although to a lesser extent than pentadecamer and hexamer oligomers obtained from mild acid hydrolysis of the native polysaccharide conjugated to the same protein carrier. This study represents the first proof-of-concept that hydrolytically stable structural analogues of saccharide antigens can be used for the development of efficacious antimicrobial preventative therapies. Conjugates with longer carbocyclic oligomers and/or precise acetylation patterns could further increase the induced immune response to a level comparable with those of commercially available anti-meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccines.
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/225844
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