The development of printing techniques in Europe during the 19th century promoted the spread of journals that focused on the art of caricature. The press furthered the popularity of caricature that became hugely because it bridged the literate and illiterate public better than the written word. Caricatures were published on a regularly basis, and the illustrations interested people more than social themes. Great importance was given to the influence of medical cartoons, particularly with respect to laboratory and clinical neuroscience. The earliest offerings were the French journals La Caricature (1830) and Le Charivari (1832), both founded by Charles Philipon (1800-1861). In the United Kingdom, Punch, or the “London Charivari”, was a weekly magazine of humour and satire established in 1841. The arrival of Punch coincided with one of the most important periods in the 19th century science. The magazine also documented the development of “traditional” and “alternative” scientific practices, including mesmerism, homeopathy and spiritualism. Another satirical English weekly magazine which appeared from 1868 was Vanity Fair. Colored caricatures were added to the magazine, and over 2000 such caricatures were printed, of which 53 were of physicians. In Germany, the most important satirical journals were Kladderadatsch (onomatopoeic for “crash”) in 1848, in Berlin, and Simplicissimus (1896) in Munich. In 1848, four satirical journals appeared in Italy: Il Don Pirlone (Rome), L’Arlecchino (“the Harlquin”; Naples), Lo Spirito Folletto (“the Elfin Spirit”; Milan), and Il Fischietto (“the Whistle”; Turin). These magazines reflected the development and contradictions of medical specialists, and the emerging discipline of neuroscience and its protagonists.
|Titolo:||Neuroscientists in 19th century European caricatural journals|
FRANCHINI, ANTONIA FRANCESCA (Penultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/02 - Storia della Medicina|
|Citazione:||Neuroscientists in 19th century European caricatural journals / L. Lorusso, B. Falconi, A.F. Franchini, A. Porro. ((Intervento presentato al 18. convegno International Society for the History of the Neurosciences tenutosi a Sidney Australia nel 2013.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|