OBJECTIVE: Intestinal involvement is frequently observed in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and is associated with malnutrition and a decreased survival rate. Vascular lesions are claimed to underlie and precede these changes. The aim of this study was to establish whether a reduced mesenteric blood flow was present in SSc patients with no signs or symptoms of small bowel involvement. METHODS: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow in the fasting state was measured by colour Doppler ultrasonography in 27 SSc patients and in 25 controls. The effect of a balanced liquid meal on mesenteric blood flow was measured in six matched patients and controls. RESULTS: In fasting SSc patients, there were reductions in mean SMA diameter (P<0.001), blood flow (213+/-92 vs 398+/-125 ml/min in controls, P<0.0001) and pulsatility index (3.49+/-1.0 vs 4.13+/-0.97 in controls, P<0.07). In both groups, the meal increased basal flow values and the differences between controls and patients in the fasting state were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of symptoms of small bowel involvement, reversible SMA vasoconstriction is demonstrable in the fasting state in SSc patients.
|Titolo:||Superior mesenteric artery blood flow in systemic sclerosis patients|
SCORZA, RAFFAELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Colour Doppler ultrasonography; Mesenteric artery; Mesenteric blood flow; Systemic sclerosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|